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UNHCR and partners in operation to help refugees amid winter storm

Press Releases, 11 December 2013

Across Lebanon, more than 838,000 refugees including 120,000 living in flimsy tents are suddenly facing the onslaught of cold weather, rains and snowfall at higher altitudes as a massive storm system meteorologists named "Alexa" has moved over the Middle East region, affecting Lebanon, Syria, Turkey and Jordan.

With the support of the Lebanese Armed Forces, on Tuesday, UNHCR and NGO partners were able to speed up the distribution of additional emergency shelter kits including plastic sheets, timber and tools to thousands of refugees living in tents in the Bekaa, eastern Lebanon, so far the region most affected by the storm. Emergency teams continued on Wednesday despite blocked roads from the weather conditions. Alternative shelters are also being prepared for refugees whose tents may be affected by the snow, rain and flooding.

Some 125,000 refugees living in the Bekaa have already received winter kits and 55,000 more will be reached in the coming days. Humanitarian agencies working throughout Lebanon have already distributed 255,000 blankets and over 6,000 stoves in the past months. Some 45,000ATM cards with US$150 each have also been distributed to vulnerable families to buy additional stoves and fuel.

Storm Alexa struck Lebanon on Tuesday night bringing snow to higher areas and rain elsewhere, accompanied by high winds. According to forecasts, conditions are expected to remain difficult for several days, with further snow expected tonight. Reports from Syria and parts of Turkey spoke of similarly grim conditions there.

UNHCR is particularly concerned for the many refugees in Lebanon living in makeshift accommodation, as their homes are fragile and substandard. The number of refugees in Lebanon has increased five-fold over the last year.

"For the hundreds of thousands of refugees in Lebanon, as well as those in neighbouring countries and the displaced in Syria, a storm like this creates immense additional hardship and suffering," said Amin Awad, Director of UNHCR's Middle East and North Africa Bureau. "With Lebanon's help we're doing everything we can to get rapid additional help to people who most need it. This is on top of the winter preparations already done over the past months."

A host of other humanitarian agencies are working on the winter response in Lebanon, including the World Food Programme, the Norwegian Refugee Council, the International Organisation for Migration, Oxfam, Medair, Save the Children, World Vision, Humedica, GVC, Mercy Corps, IOCC, PU, Caritas, Concern, Acted, Danish Refugee Council (DRC), Handicap International and UNICEF.

The UN refugee agency began distributing thermal blankets and other items beginning in November. Across the Middle East UNHCR has distributed some 70,000 plastic tarpaulins to help refugees better prepare their tents and shelters for winter while some have received electric or kerosene heaters. Other refugees are receiving cash grants to purchase heaters.

WFP and its partners are meeting the food needs of newly arrived Syrian refugees in areas affected by the storm in Lebanon with food stocks enough to feed 150,000 people. Elsewhere in the country, the UN food agency is providing food assistance to over 600,000 Syrian refugees registered with UNHCR using electronic food vouchers.

Lebanon is at present the largest Syrian refugee-hosting country in the region, with 838,189 Syrians either registered as refugees or awaiting registration. Unlike other countries neighbouring Syria there are no established refugee camps. Instead people are living in the community in nearly 1,600 different areas.

Lebanon has responded generously to the influx, and earlier this week authorized the use of the Lebanese Armed Forces to help UNHCR in speeding the delivery of winter aid. As of Wednesday, efforts were focused on getting help to some of the worst affected sites in the Bekaa. In Turkey, UNHCR field teams were blocked from visiting camps around Kilis today due to snow blocking roads in that region.

With almost 2.3 million Syrian refugees around the region (a more than five-fold increase since this time in 2012) and millions more people displaced internally in Syria, winter conditions are a major worry across the humanitarian community.

Winter preparation work, involving improvements to shelters, heating, blankets and clothing, has been underway for months. The first cross-border airlift from Iraq into northeast Syria, bringing additional humanitarian winter materials to displaced populations there, is expected to launch later this week weather permitting.


- Roberta Russo, Beirut, Lebanon: mob. +961-71-910-320

- Dana Sleiman, Beirut, Lebanon: mob. +961-3-827-323

- Lisa Abou Khaled, Bekaa, Lebanon: mob. + 961-71-880-070

- Bathoul Ahmed, Tripoli, Lebanon: mob. +961 70 100 740

- Peter Kessler, Amman, Jordan: mob. +962 79 631 7901

- Dan McNorton, Geneva: mob. +41 79 217 3011


- Peter Smerdon, Rome Tel: +39 06 6513 2150 / Mobile: +39 342 878 4107 peter.smerdon@wfp.org

- Abeer Etefa, Cairo Tel: +20 2 2528 1730 / Mobile: +2 010 666 34352 Abeer.Etefa@wfp.org




UNHCR country pages

Thousands of desperate Syrian refugees seek safety in Turkey after outbreak of fresh fighting

Renewed fighting in northern Syria since June 3 has sent a further 23,135 refugees fleeing across the border into Turkey's southern Sanliurfa province. Some 70 per cent of these are women and children, according to information received by UNHCR this week.

Most of the new arrivals are Syrians escaping fighting between rival military forces in and around the key border town of Tel Abyad, which faces Akcakale across the border. They join some 1.77 million Syrian refugees already in Turkey.

However, the influx also includes so far 2,183 Iraqis from the cities of Mosul, Ramadi and Falujjah.

According to UNHCR field staff most of the refugees are exhausted and arrive carrying just a few belongings. Some have walked for days. In recent days, people have fled directly to Akcakale to escape fighting in Tel Abyad which is currently reported to be calm.

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For years, migrants and asylum-seekers have flocked to the northern French port of Calais in hopes of crossing the short stretch of sea to find work and a better life in England. This hope drives many to endure squalid, miserable conditions in makeshift camps, lack of food and freezing temperatures. Some stay for months waiting for an opportunity to stow away on a vehicle making the ferry crossing.

Many of the town's temporary inhabitants are fleeing persecution or conflict in countries such as Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iraq, Sudan and Syria. And although these people are entitled to seek asylum in France, the country's lack of accommodation, administrative hurdles and language barrier, compel many to travel on to England where many already have family waiting.

With the arrival of winter, the crisis in Calais intensifies. To help address the problem, French authorities have opened a day centre as well as housing facilities for women and children. UNHCR is concerned with respect to the situation of male migrants who will remain without shelter solutions. Photographer Julien Pebrel recently went to Calais to document their lives in dire sites such as the Vandamme squat and next to the Tioxide factory.

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Abdu finds his voice in Germany

When bombs started raining down on Aleppo, Syria, in 2012, the Khawan family had to flee. According to Ahmad, the husband of Najwa and father of their two children, the town was in ruins within 24 hours.

The family fled to Lebanon where they shared a small flat with Ahmad's two brothers and sisters and their children. Ahmad found sporadic work which kept them going, but he knew that in Lebanon his six-year-old son, Abdu, who was born deaf, would have little chance for help.

The family was accepted by Germany's Humanitarian Assistance Programme and resettled into the small central German town of Wächtersbach, near Frankfurt am Main. Nestled in a valley between two mountain ranges and a forest, the village has an idyllic feel.

A year on, Abdu has undergone cochlear implant surgery for the second time. He now sports two new hearing aids which, when worn together, allow him to hear 90 per cent. He has also joined a regular nursery class, where he is learning for the first time to speak - German in school and now Arabic at home. Ahmed is likewise studying German in a nearby village, and in two months he will graduate with a language certificate and start looking for work. He says that he is proud at how quickly Abdu is learning and integrating.

Abdu finds his voice in Germany

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