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Syrians get round education crunch by running their own school in Jordan

Making a Difference, 24 April 2014

© UNHCR/S.Baldwin
Syrian refugee Jamal, left, assists his cousin Akram as they teach in their school in a settlement on the outskirts of Amman, Jordan.

AMMAN, Jordan, April 24 (UNHCR) In a suburb of Amman, surrounded by piles of garbage and stray sheep, Jamal and his cousin Akram teach the Arabic alphabet to a small group of Syrian refugee children. The classroom is a small orange tent where the young pupils sit on the ground with their text books on their laps. A whiteboard dangles from a wall of the tent.

It's very simple, but effective. In a country where about half of the school-aged Syrian refugee children are unable to attend public schools, the residents of an informal camp in the Jordanian capital's Kherbet Al-Souk district have taken matters into their own hands.

The initiative came from Jamal, who was a teacher in Syria and wanted to ensure that the children in their informal settlement of about 500 refugees were not missing out on their education. Jamal enlisted the help of Akram and they managed to obtain an old tent to use as a classroom in their semi-rural area.

About four months ago, they felt ready and invited parents to send their children to the new school, which has received important support from UNHCR. The children had tried to attend the local public school, but many could not find a place in the crowded institution.

They teach the Jordanian curriculum, including Arabic, Science, Mathematics and some English. The school cannot offer certificates, but at least it is preparing children to re-enter the formal education system, either in Jordan's public schools or back home in Syria if peace returns, Jamal explained.

On most mornings, boys and girls queue outside the school tent in separate lines with their hands held out for a cleanliness check. They all seem eager to get started. "I really enjoy going to school," said Khalid, aged 10, who wants to become a pilot one day.

Like many children here, he also has to work to earn money for his family. Khalid attends classes in the morning and then spends the afternoons at a local factory earning about US$1.25 an hour. But he understands the importance of a good education, and says that "learning about Maths is better than playing games for me."

His father, Jamal Mohammad, agrees and says he is happy that his children are at least getting some education, and close to home. "If this school did not exist, I would not send him anywhere," he said, citing cases of bullying against the Syrians enrolled in state schools. He feared for his boy's safety.

But at least Khalid is able to attend the school at the Kherbet Al-Souk settlement, which was established about nine months ago. More than three years into the Syrian crisis, hundreds of thousands of refugee children face obstacles in getting places in school. This has raised fears of the creation of a ''lost generation" of children who will never be able to contribute meaningfully to their country's future. Many are in danger of missing out entirely on formal learning if the war continues.

The children of Kherbet Al-Souk may be among the lucky ones. Jamal and Akram run the camp school with the help of private donations, cash assistance from UNHCR, and household goods from local charities, including a chest of drawers. And they are now using a bigger tent to deal with the extra students.

"Hopefully, Akram will obtain some caravans for the children in the future," said Jamal, who recently received good news about his own future. Shortly after speaking to UNHCR, he moved with his family to Austria, where his daughter will attend school and get a rounded education.

Back in Jordan, his initiative in setting up the school in Kherbet Al-Souk will continue to benefit Syrian refugee children who remain in Jordan.

By Haben Habteslasie in Amman, Jordan

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For Starters, a Tent: A Syrian Teacher Opens a School in Jordan

In the semi-rural area of Kherbet Al-Souk, on the outskirts of Amman, Syrian refugees struggling to get their children into crowded state schools have taken matters into their own hands. They have set up a simple school in their small informal settlement of about 500 refugees. The families had lived in Za'atri or Al-Aghwar camps, but moved out to be closer to other relatives and to access basic services in the capital. But ensuring education for all refugee children in Jordan has proved difficult for the government and its partners, including UNHCR. According to the UN, more than half of all Syrian refugee children in Jordan are not in school. In Kherbet Al-Souk, the refugee-run school consists of a large tent where the students sit on the ground with their text books. All of the students take classes together with the younger children in the front. Before, they spent a lot of time playing, but they were not learning anything. One refugee, Jamal, decided to do something about it. Photographer Shawn Baldwin met Jamal and visited the school in a tent. These are some of the images he took.

For Starters, a Tent: A Syrian Teacher Opens a School in Jordan

UNHCR country pages

Non-Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

After Saddam Hussein's regime was toppled in Iraq in 2003, groups of refugees who had lived in the country for many years tried to leave the chaos and lawlessness that soon ensued. Hundreds of people started fleeing to the border with Jordan, including Palestinians in Baghdad and Iranian Kurds from the Al Tash refugee camp in central Iraq.

Aside from a few Palestinians with family connections inside the neighbouring country, the refugees were refused entry and free movement in Jordan. Thousands were soon stranded in the no-man's land between Iraq and Jordan or at the desert camp of Ruweished, located 60 kilometres inside Jordan.

Since 2003, Palestinians, Iranian Kurds, Iranians, Sudanese and Somalis have been living there and suffering the scorching heat and freezing winters of the Jordanian desert. UNHCR and its partners have provided housing and assistance and tried to find solutions – the agency has helped resettle more than 1,000 people in third countries. At the beginning of 2007, a total of 119 people – mostly Palestinians – remained in Ruweished camp without any immediate solution in sight.

Posted on 20 February 2007

Non-Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

The UN refugee agency has launched a US$60 million appeal to fund its work helping hundreds of thousands of Iraqi refugees and internally displaced people. The new appeal concludes that unremitting violence in Iraq will likely mean continued mass internal and external displacement affecting much of the surrounding region. The appeal notes that the current exodus is the largest long-term population movement in the Middle East since the displacement of Palestinians following the creation of Israel in 1948.

UNHCR has warned that the longer this conflict goes on, the more difficult it will become for the hundreds of thousands of displaced and the communities that are trying to help them – both inside and outside Iraq. Because the burden on host communities and governments in the region is enormous, it is essential that the international community support humanitarian efforts.

The US$60 million will cover UNHCR's protection and assistance programmes for Iraqi refugees in Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt and Turkey, as well as non-Iraqi refugees and internally displaced people within Iraq itself.

Posted on 10 January 2007

Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

Iraqi Children Go To School in Syria

UNHCR aims to help 25,000 refugee children go to school in Syria by providing financial assistance to families and donating school uniforms and supplies.

There are some 1.4 million Iraqi refugees living in Syria, most having fled the extreme sectarian violence sparked by the bombing of the Golden Mosque of Samarra in 2006.

Many Iraqi refugee parents regard education as a top priority, equal in importance to security. While in Iraq, violence and displacement made it difficult for refugee children to attend school with any regularity and many fell behind. Although education is free in Syria, fees associated with uniforms, supplies and transportation make attending school impossible. And far too many refugee children have to work to support their families instead of attending school.

To encourage poor Iraqi families to register their children, UNHCR plans to provide financial assistance to at least 25,000 school-age children, and to provide uniforms, books and school supplies to Iraqi refugees registered with UNHCR. The agency will also advise refugees of their right to send their children to school, and will support NGO programmes for working children.

UNHCR's ninemillion campaign aims to provide a healthy and safe learning environment for nine million refugee children by 2010.

Iraqi Children Go To School in Syria

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