UNHCR launches global safe energy strategy to benefit millions

News Stories, 13 May 2014

© UNHCR/J.Maitem
Solar-powered lanterns like this one allow people in refugee camps to continue activities, including study, after night has fallen.

GENEVA, May 13 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency on Tuesday formally launched a global strategy to enable millions of uprooted people to have regular and reliable access to fuel and energy without threat to their lives or well-being.

With an initial focus on energy needs in camp situations, notably for cooking and lighting at night, the SAFE (Safe Access to Fuel and Energy) strategy will provide a cross-sectoral approach to energy planning.

"Safe access to fuel and energy stands at the intersection of so many things that are of concern to UNHCR from protection, to nutrition, to health, to the environment, to livelihoods to education," Steven Corliss, director of the UNHCR Division of Programme Support and Management, said at a presentation in Geneva with key partners, the UN Foundation and the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves.

"Fuel and energy is a basic need, like food, water, shelter, health care, education, but it's not a need that's fully captured in our programmes," he noted, adding: "We're trying to affect a fundamental change in the way UNHCR thinks and programmes for fuel and energy, but we can't do that overnight."

Because of the cost implications of supplying fuel and access to all refugees, he said, UNHCR's approach had to be progressive. "We're going to start by focusing on refugee camps in 10 priority countries [Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Chad, Ethiopia, Jordan, Kenya, Nepal, Rwanda, Sudan and Uganda] five in 2014 and five in 2015.

In the first two years, the strategy will provide some 175,000 refugees with stoves and another 150,000 with solar-powered lanterns. In addition, 2,000 solar-powered street lights will be installed in households and communal areas.

"We are looking to improve lighting for security in refugee camps, so people can move around safely at night. At present when it's dark and a woman wants to go to the latrine, which may not be located next to her house, she puts herself at risk," Corliss said. Solar-powered lanterns also allow children to study after nightfall, improving their exam results.

The UN refugee agency will shape SAFE strategies for these pilot countries based on evidence and "very hard-headed assessments to establish the baseline situation and indicators that will allow us to monitor and measure the progress we are making. If we show results, then then we'll have a convincing case for changing the way we do business."

Corliss said cooperation with partners would be vital. UN Foundation board members, including Chief Executive Officer Kathy Calvin, founder, Ted Turner, and Nobel Peace Prize winner Muhammad Yunus, attended Tuesday's presentation along with senior Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves executives.

"We cannot do it all alone. But fortunately, because domestic energy lies at the intersection of so many areas of concern … there is a tremendous amount of interest in this strategy, not just internally and not just from the humanitarian world, but also from the private sector and foundations and donor governments who believe this is extremely important," he stressed.

Radha Muthiah, executive director of the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, said in a statement that it would work closely with UNHCR to ensuring that the cooking and lighting energy needs of refugees and other vulnerable populations were met, and that these families have a better chance to lead productive, healthy lives. "We are committed to being a catalyst for energy technology innovation, public-private collaboration, and culturally-appropriate solutions for better energy access."

Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) is a global inter-agency initiative focused on supporting sustainable and safe access to appropriate energy for cooking, lighting and powering for affected populations in humanitarian contexts.

The collection, supply, and use of biomass fuel, mainly firewood and charcoal, in emergencies create myriads of risks for crisis-affected people and their environment. These risks also occur in protracted situations where displaced people rely on biomass fuel to cook their meals or for light and heat at night. Such risks include sexual and gender-based violence or assault during firewood collection, loss of livelihood and education opportunities, environmental degradation, and respiratory illnesses caused by household air pollution.

http://www.cleancookstoves.org

http://www.unfoundation.org

UNHCR's Energy Strategy

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New arrivals in Ethiopia: Remote Dolo Ado becomes a safe haven for 10,000 Somalis fleeing violence

Since the beginning of this year an estimated 10,000 Somalis have crossed the border and sought shelter in Dolo Ado, a remote, sun-scorched and predominantly Somali corner of south-east Ethiopia. Most have fled insecurity, following the withdrawal of Ethiopian troops from south and central Somalia and the takeover of these areas by insurgent elements. At the peak of the influx in early February 2009, about 150 people were crossing the border each day.

In reponse, a UNHCR emergency team was sent to help run a transit centre in Dolo Ado. In addition, UNHCR dispatched convoys carrying emergency aid, including mosquito nets, blankets, jerry cans, kitchen sets and plastic sheets. Relief efforts are being coordinated with other UN agencies and NGOs to ensure needs are being met.

Although a number of displaced Somalis within south and central Somalia have started to return, mainly to Mogadishu, many Somalis remain in Dolo Ado in need of protection. Given the poor prospects for repatriation in the foreseeable future, a camp is now under development and refugees are being screened.

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Peaceful days and a safe environment is probably more than these Palestinian and Sudanese refugees expected when they were stuck in a desert camp in Iraq. Now they are recovering at a special transit centre in the Romanian city of Timisoara while their applications for resettlement in a third country are processed.

Most people forced to flee their homes are escaping from violence or persecution, but some find themselves still in danger after arriving at their destination. UNHCR uses the centre in Romania to bring such people out of harm's way until they can be resettled.

The Emergency Transit Centre (ETC) in Timisoara was opened in 2008. Another one will be formally opened in Humenné, Slovakia, within the coming weeks. The ETC provides shelter and respite for up to six months, during which time the evacuees can prepare for a new life overseas. They can attend language courses and cultural orientation classes.

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Many of the 69,000 displaced in Dili have told UNHCR they prefer to stay near the makeshift sites where they feel safe. In response, UNHCR has begun searching for additional sites around these areas to clear ground, pitch tents and decongest the existing makeshift shelters. Not all makeshift sites are suitable for expansion, so UNHCR is moving ahead with the establishment and planning of new sites.

UNHCR has sent an assessment team to the countryside where some 78,000 Timorese have sought refuge. Many displaced are staying with relatives, while others are sheltering in huts, offices, church building and spontaneous camp sites. We are now delivering assistance to some of these people.

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