Separated Iraqi families fear for relatives after fleeing Sinjar

News Stories, 6 August 2014

© UNHCR/N.Colt
Members of an ethnic Yezidi family sleep in the shade in Shekhadi village after fleeing Sinjar. Close to 400 families are in Shekhadi, normally a place of pilgrimage for the Yezidi.

SHEKHADI, Iraq, August 6 (UNHCR) It's impossible to know how many people are now staying in this tiny mountain village in northern Iraq. Hundreds, maybe thousands line the lane weaving through Shekhadi, a place of pilgrimage for Iraq's Yezidi minority.

Mothers rock their infant children in wooden cradles, families sleep on mats laid on concrete in the shadow of stone buildings or in the shade of trees. Most appear to be waiting, hoping for good news from their home city of Sinjar, located 280 kilometres due west in Ninewa governorate.

Na'am, a mother of seven, sits on a rock, hand on her chin, visibly distraught about her family, most of whom are stranded in the mountains north of Sinjar. She came here to the Yezidi shrine community with only one of her children. Four other sons, and her two daughters remain in the Sinjar mountains.

According to officials in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, at least 45,000 Iraqis, including Arabs, Christians and minority Yezidis, Shabak, Shia Turkmen and others, have fled into the region since Sunday to escape armed groups that took over Sinjar and two other communities. Iraqi Kurdistan is already home to more than 300,000 Iraqis displaced since June, and a further 220,000 Syrian refugees, and is feeling the pressure on its already limited resources.

The UN refugee agency and other humanitarian agencies are responding. Today, hundreds of the newly displaced queued at a sports field in the nearby town of Shekhan, leaving with UNHCR mattresses, fans, jugs, soap and other items distributed to support a thousand families.

41-year-old Yusif, an English teacher from Sinjar, was more fortunate than many of his neighbours. His entire immediate family of seven is with him, and they were able to flee with their documents, making it easier to register for aid.

Like many others, he's staying with cousins in Shekhan, a predominantly ethnic Yezidi community. He says others from Sinjar, "Have nothing. This aid is essential for them because they don't have a house; they are in schools, or who knows where."

But Yusif, like so many others who have found comparative safety in the Kurdistan region or elsewhere in Iraq, remains deeply worried about relatives, friends, and neighbours left behind. Government officials say at least 30,000 people from Sinjar fled into a mountain range north of the city.

Yusif has been calling relatives stranded in the mountains every day. "They are outside in the sun and sleeping under the moon," he says. "Some are living in caves. They have a bit of food and water, but are running out."

In Shekhadi, Na'am also worries about her missing relatives amid reports that children have died in the mountains. "I spoke with them yesterday," she says. "But now I can't get through. I think their mobile phones have no more power." The last time she spoke with them was Sunday, when they told her they were running out of food and water.

By Ned Colt in Shekhadi, Iraq

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Crisis in Iraq: Displacement

UNHCR and its partners estimate that out of a total population of 26 million, some 1.9 million Iraqis are currently displaced internally and more than 2 million others have fled to nearby countries. While many people were displaced before 2003, increasing numbers of Iraqis are now fleeing escalating sectarian, ethnic and general violence. Since January 2006, UNHCR estimates that more than 800,000 Iraqis have been uprooted and that 40,000 to 50,000 continue to flee their homes every month. UNHCR anticipates there will be approximately 2.3 million internally displaced people within Iraq by the end of 2007. The refugee agency and its partners have provided emergency assistance, shelter and legal aid to displaced Iraqis where security has allowed.

In January 2007, UNHCR launched an initial appeal for US$60 million to fund its Iraq programme. Despite security issues for humanitarian workers inside the country, UNHCR and partners hope to continue helping up to 250,000 of the most vulnerable internally displaced Iraqis and their host communities

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