Ukrainians in Russia worry about their future

News Stories, 11 August 2014

© UNHCR / M.H. Sunjic
A young Ukrainian couple with their child at a summer camp in Ursdon, North Ossetia.

VLADIKAVKAZ, Russian Federation, August 11 (UNHCR) Sergey* has made up his mind: he wants to move with his wife and baby son to a new job and life in Siberia rather than return to their home in eastern Ukraine when the conflict ends.

"I am a miner and I already have a job offer in [the Siberian city of] Irkutsk," he tells UNHCR at a summer camp for youth near Vladikavkaz in the Russian Federation's North Ossetia republic, where about 100 refugees from Ukraine are staying. They are among some 800 Ukrainians who have sought shelter in North Ossetia as they wait to see what happens across the border.

Sergey is trying to figure out how to pay for the long trip to his future workplace. But as he and his wife Larissa* make their plans, many other refugees in the camp are not sure what to do.

They left relatives, property and belongings in eastern Ukraine, but they are afraid to go back to a deeply divided country. "Much of the infrastructure is demolished and people hate each other. Life will never be the same," one old man notes.

The trauma of forced displacement is fresh in the mind and many people are just glad to be safe. "We ran for our lives and did not think about the future," says an elderly widow, Maria,* who arrived with her daughter and grandchild. "We had no time to prepare for flight."

She, like others, worries about her home and belongings. Maria knows that if she wants to sell her house, she must go back for a few days at least. Others want to retrieve personal documents, including professional diplomas or school reports, but they need to do so soon. Once they obtain temporary or permanent asylum in Russia, they will not be able to travel to Ukraine without forfeiting that status. Others worry about their future access to education and pension rights acquired in Ukraine.

Officials of the local branch of Russia's Federal Migration Service (FMS) do their best to advise people on different options: Temporary asylum or permanent refugee status, work licences, various types of residence permits, access to citizenship and resettlement programmes.

According to Russian figures, more than 700,000 people have crossed the border with Ukraine this year, including some 180,000 who have approached the FMS to seek refugee status, temporary asylum, citizenship, temporary residence, residence permits or resettlement.

Russia's Federal Assembly (parliament) recently adopted new legislation to help speed up the processing of applications for temporary asylum from three months to three days and has introduced other measures to hasten things.

Meanwhile, EMERCOM, the Russian agency charged with responding to humanitarian emergencies, has begun clearing border areas by transferring 24,000 refugees to locations further inland. Local authorities have been putting many of the arrivals, like Sergey and Larissa, in summer camps, but are now preparing to house them in schools and universities when the weather starts getting colder from September.

Of the 800 Ukrainians in North Ossetia, some were transported by EMERCOM to shelters, while others are staying with relatives and friends in the region. The North Ossetian population has more experience with refugees than any other Russian region. Located in the conflict-prone Caucasus, they have hosted people fleeing inter-ethnic conflicts in Chechnya, Ingushetia and Georgia in the past.

Sympathetic locals have responded generously. Staff at the Tamisk Sanatorium keep donations from private companies and individuals in a large storage room. It includes clothes, hygiene items, canned food, fruit and vegetables and even a washing machine.

Meanwhile, the children at the Ursdon summer camp had a special treat last week: new shoes delivered by the Children's Fund, a local non-governmental organization. Some of the girls could not believe their luck when they saw gold and pink coloured shoes. It helped them forget about conflict and the future for a while.

* Names changed for protection reasons

By Melita H. Sunjic in Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation

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Displacement, Disability and Uncertainty in Ukraine

To date, around 275,500 people have been displaced by fighting in Ukraine. They include some who live with disability, including Viktoria, aged 41, and her husband, Aleksandr, 40, who both have cerebral palsy. Life is difficult enough under normal circumstances for the couple, who also have two sons; 20-year-old Dima, and Ivan aged 19 months. Now it has become a real struggle.

At the end of July, shelling in the eastern Ukraine city of Donetsk forced Viktoria and Aleksandr to flee to the neighbouring Kharkiv region. It wasn't long before Viktoria's medication ran out. In a desperate bid to help, Aleksandr called the Rinat Akhmetov Foundation, which found them transportation and accommodation in Kharkiv.

From there, they were taken to the Promotei Summer Camp, located near the town of Kupiansk. The forest, fresh air and a lake near the camp offered a perfect setting to spend the summer. But, like 120 other internally displaced people (IDP) living there, all Viktoria and Aleksandr could think about was home. They had hoped to return by the Autumn. But it soon came and went.

Today, it is still not safe to go back to Donetsk. Moreover, the camp has not been prepared for the coming winter and the administration has asked people to leave by October 15. Neither Viktoria nor Aleksandr know where they and their young son can go next. The following photographs of the couple and their youngest child were taken by Emine Ziyatdinova.

Displacement, Disability and Uncertainty in Ukraine

Ukraine: Sorting through the Wreckage

Conflict has changed the city of Sloviansk in the Donetsk region of eastern Ukraine. "We used to have such a beautiful, calm, tidy city," says Angelina, a social worker. Today, it is full of destroyed homes and infrastructure, a casualty of the fighting between Ukrainian troops and pro-Russian forces. More than half of the inhabitants - some 70,000 people - fled the city during the combat earlier this year. In recent weeks, with the city back under government control, some 15,000 have returned. But they face many challenges. Maria, aged 80, returned to a damaged home and sleeps in the kitchen with her family. She worries about getting her pension. The UN refugee agency has transported several tons of hygiene items and kitchen equipment to the city for distribution to those who lost their homes. Photojournalist Iva Zimova recently accompanied UNHCR staff as they visited more than 100 families to give put aid.

Ukraine: Sorting through the Wreckage

Displacement in Georgia

Tens of thousands of civilians are living in precarious conditions, having been driven from their homes by the crisis in the breakaway Georgian region of South Ossetia.

On the morning of August 12, the first UNHCR-chartered plane carrying emergency aid arrived in the Georgian capital Tbilisi, the first UN assistance to arrive in the country since fighting broke out the previous week. The airlift brought in 34 tonnes of tents, jerry cans, blankets and kitchen sets from UNHCR's central emergency stockpile in Dubai. Items were then loaded onto trucks at the Tbilisi airport for transport and distribution.

A second UNHCR flight landed in Tbilisi on August 14, with a third one expected to arrive the following day. In addition, two UNHCR aid flights are scheduled to leave for Vladikavkaz in the Russian Federation the following week with mattresses, water tanks and other supplies for displaced South Ossetians.

Working with local partners, UNHCR is now providing assistance to the most vulnerable and needy. These include many young children and family members separated from one another. The situation is evolving rapidly and the refugee agency is monitoring the needs of the newly displaced population, which numbered some 115,000 on August 14.

Posted on 15 August 2008

Displacement in Georgia

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