Cookies and cakes prove a winner for Syrian bakers in Armenia

News Stories, 18 August 2014

© UNHCRPhoto
The two bakers in Yerevan with some of their attractive looking creations.

YEREVAN, Armenia, August 18 (UNHCR) Cupcakes and social media have helped a former travel agent in the Syrian city of Aleppo to start a new career in Armenia and pick up a prestigious award that has helped boost her baking business.

Azniv Kouyoumjian is among the estimated 12,000 members of Syria's ethnic Armenian population who have fled to Armenia since the Syrian crisis erupted in March 2011. The 27-year-old left Aleppo in 2012 and, like many other arrivals, struggled to find work due to the harsh economic climate and the language barrier.

But things began to improve when she and a fellow refugee, Sevan Tekkelian, joined an income-generation programme for Syrians, funded by UNHCR and implemented by the Armenian Red Cross Society and a government department that encourages entrepreneurs to set up new businesses.

Their innovative proposal to bake cupcakes and advertise and sell them online was accepted and the two women were given a small loan, equipment for baking and some training in how to run a business. "" was born.

Business was slow at first and there was some tough competition in a country where many people have a sweet tooth, but Azniv and Sevan were determined to succeed and help support their families. They added cakes and cookies to their range and started to focus on cupcake design a novelty in Yerevan that proved to be a winner.

"In Yerevan, all traditional cakes are delicious. There are a lot of patisseries that have been running for years that you cannot compete with if you are a new business," Azniv explained, "so we needed to make something different."

"Sevan is very good at design, so she is the one who decorates our cupcakes so beautifully," the young entrepreneur said. "We had to practice a lot. We dropped or messed up the cupcakes at least 10 times at the start, but now our cupcakes are irresistible." Designs range from cartoon characters to the flags of the nations taking part in last July's World Cup football tournament in Brazil and UNHCR's distinctive sheltering hands logo.

Unlike most other bakeries, they use Facebook to advertise and sell the cakes. Their friends and family also pass on the word about the tasty bakes. And working from home has helped cut costs, Azniv noted. "Starting your own shop is very difficult, and the rent is too expensive."

As well as doing a roaring trade, the partners have been receiving plaudits and awards for their business model, which is helping to generate even more sales.

Last March, they received the Prime Minister's Award in recognition of their successful start-up business model. As part of the prize, they were given a tablet computer. Success has given Azniv more confidence and she now dreams of buying her own pastry shop.

Her life in Syria seems such a long time ago, though she does miss Aleppo. "I had been married for only two years when we left Syria and didn't get to live in our new house. I wish I could have brought the whole house or at least our bedroom," she sighed.

But she has no desire to go back and live in the war-ravaged country. "To visit, yes. To stay, no," she stressed. Armenia is home now.

UNHCR and other humanitarian aid organizations have been supporting the Armenian government as it addresses the needs of the refugees from Syria. Assistance includes cultural orientation courses, providing rental subsidies and financial assistance, running soup kitchens, legal and job counselling services, vocational training, provision of basic medical services and access to microcredit and business support.

By Anahit Hayrapetyan and Djavaneh Bierwirth in Yerevan, Armenia




UNHCR country pages

Cold, Uncomfortable and Hungry in Calais

For years, migrants and asylum-seekers have flocked to the northern French port of Calais in hopes of crossing the short stretch of sea to find work and a better life in England. This hope drives many to endure squalid, miserable conditions in makeshift camps, lack of food and freezing temperatures. Some stay for months waiting for an opportunity to stow away on a vehicle making the ferry crossing.

Many of the town's temporary inhabitants are fleeing persecution or conflict in countries such as Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iraq, Sudan and Syria. And although these people are entitled to seek asylum in France, the country's lack of accommodation, administrative hurdles and language barrier, compel many to travel on to England where many already have family waiting.

With the arrival of winter, the crisis in Calais intensifies. To help address the problem, French authorities have opened a day centre as well as housing facilities for women and children. UNHCR is concerned with respect to the situation of male migrants who will remain without shelter solutions. Photographer Julien Pebrel recently went to Calais to document their lives in dire sites such as the Vandamme squat and next to the Tioxide factory.

Cold, Uncomfortable and Hungry in Calais

Abdu finds his voice in Germany

When bombs started raining down on Aleppo, Syria, in 2012, the Khawan family had to flee. According to Ahmad, the husband of Najwa and father of their two children, the town was in ruins within 24 hours.

The family fled to Lebanon where they shared a small flat with Ahmad's two brothers and sisters and their children. Ahmad found sporadic work which kept them going, but he knew that in Lebanon his six-year-old son, Abdu, who was born deaf, would have little chance for help.

The family was accepted by Germany's Humanitarian Assistance Programme and resettled into the small central German town of Wächtersbach, near Frankfurt am Main. Nestled in a valley between two mountain ranges and a forest, the village has an idyllic feel.

A year on, Abdu has undergone cochlear implant surgery for the second time. He now sports two new hearing aids which, when worn together, allow him to hear 90 per cent. He has also joined a regular nursery class, where he is learning for the first time to speak - German in school and now Arabic at home. Ahmed is likewise studying German in a nearby village, and in two months he will graduate with a language certificate and start looking for work. He says that he is proud at how quickly Abdu is learning and integrating.

Abdu finds his voice in Germany

A Teenager in Exile

Like fathers and sons everywhere, Fewaz and Malak sometimes struggle to coexist. A new haircut and a sly cigarette are all it takes to raise tensions in the cramped apartment they currently call home. But, despite this, a powerful bond holds them together: refugees from Syria, they have been stranded for almost a year in an impoverished neighbourhood of Athens.

They fled their home with the rest of the family in the summer of 2012, after war threw their previously peaceful life into turmoil. From Turkey, they made several perilous attempts to enter Greece.

Thirteen-year-old Malak was the first to make it through the Evros border crossing. But Fewaz, his wife and their two other children were not so lucky at sea, spending their life savings on treacherous voyages on the Mediterranean only to be turned back by the Greek coastguard.

Finally, on their sixth attempt, the rest of the family crossed over at Evros. While his wife and two children travelled on to Germany, Fewaz headed to Athens to be reunited with Malak.

"When I finally saw my dad in Athens, I was so happy that words can't describe," says Malak. However, the teenager is haunted by the possibility of losing his father again. "I am afraid that if my dad is taken, what will I do without him?"

Until the family can be reunited, Malak and his father are determined to stick together. The boy is learning to get by in Greek. And Fewaz is starting to get used to his son's haircut.

A Teenager in Exile

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