It shall also apply to every person who, owing to external aggression, occupation, foreign domination or events seriously disturbing public order in either part or the whole of his country of origin or nationality, is compelled to leave his place of habitual residence in order to seek refuge in another place outside his country of origin or nationality. Ghana is party to these two refugee conventions.
The demography of the refugee population in Ghana remains women and children in the majority.
From 2011, UNHCR Ghana and Partners have been hosting primarily Ivorian refugees who form about half of the current refugee population in Ghana. This followed a post-election violence in neighboring Cote d’Ivoire in 2010, Ghana opened its border to host thousands of Ivorian refugees who fled their country to Ghana. For the latest statistics on Ivorian refugees in Ghana, please refer to our Fact Sheet.
Ghana hosts about 3,500 refugees of Togolese origin, most of whom arrived in 1993-1994 and 2005. Both groups were recognized as refugees by the Government of Ghana on a group basis. A small group of Togolese refugees reside in the Accra metropolitan area and the Krisan camp located in the Western Region of Ghana. Most Togolese refugees in Ghana reside mainly in various communities of the Volta Region.
In addition to the primarily Ivorian and Togolese caseloads, Ghana hosts refugees from many other countries.
Presently, the country hosts refugees from over 30 different countries aside Cote D’Ivoire and Togo including Sudanese, Syrians, Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra Leoneans among others.