As of 2018 UNHCR in Montenegro assistance to ex-Yugoslav refugees, reflecting UNHCR regional strategy, has been narrowed down to the provision of legal support in dealing with documentation- and status-related issues to enable effective access to rights for those people still with an unstable legal status. This support will include individual legal assistance in Montenegro and the facilitation of cross-border cooperation, mainly with the Kosovo Ministry of Interior (MoI).

UNHCR in Montenegro also provides support to people at risk of statelessness. UNHCR’s strategy for the prevention and reduction of statelessness focuses on improving national legislation concerning procedures for ensuring the rights of stateless persons.