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Somalia counts about 3.1 million persons of concern to UNHCR, including over 30,000 refugees and asylum seekers, mainly from Ethiopia and Yemen. Over 92,000 refugees have voluntarily returned to Somalia with UNHCR assistance, the majority coming back from Kenya, Yemen, Djibouti, Libya, Sudan and Eritrea. In addition, nearly 3 million people are also internally displaced in the country due to conflict, insecurity and the effects of climate change such as cyclical droughts and floods.

Somalia continues to face multiple challenges, including political insecurity, conflict, natural disasters such as drought, flooding, and cyclones - as well as the impact of Covid-19. UNHCR is working to ensure that the voluntary repatriation of Somali refugees is sustainable and that returnees are effectively integrated into their communities. UNHCR will continue to support the Government of Somalia in providing humanitarian assistance as well as development and peace investments in priority areas of return and reintegration.

Additional information

For information about our work in Somalia:


Are you a refugee or asylum-seeker in Somalia? Find information about your rights and available services on our HELP site.

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Operational updates

For up-to-date information about our programmes and operations in Somalia, including funding level and donor contributions, visit Global Focus, UNHCR's reporting portal.

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Legislation and guidance

For legislation, case law and UNHCR policy relating to claims for international protection, visit Refworld.

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Office contact details

For information about our operation in Somalia, please contact us through our Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.