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LGBTIQ+ Claims

A gay couple, who fled persecution, spend the afternoon orienting themselves at a shelter near the United States-Mexico Border.

UNHCR has long recognized the specific protection need of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and queer (LGBTIQ+) individuals and those who are perceived to hold such identities. The persecution of people because of their sexual orientation or gender identity is not a new phenomenon and a growing number of claims on this basis has necessitated greater awareness among decision-makers of the specific experiences of LGBTIQ+ asylum seekers and a deeper examination of the legal questions involved. UNHCR works to understand and address the unique protection concerns of LGBTIQ+ individuals and has produced country-specific asylum eligibility guidelines that discuss their specific risk profiles.

UNHCR offers the following summary of its views on claims based on sexual orientation or gender identity:

Key UNHCR Resources

For a discussion of substantive and procedural considerations relevant to LGBTIQ+ asylum claims, see:

For a discussion of UNHCR’s views on the legal analysis of LGBTIQ+ asylum claims in the U.S. context, see:

For a discussion of the specific protection issues, problems, and risks facing refugee and asylum-seeking LGBTIQ+ individuals, see:

Additional Materials