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Protracted Refugee Situations

PDES Background Documents, October 2010

A wide-ranging collection of UNHCR documents on the issue of protracted refugee situations, published since 1999.







    • 1. October 2010
      Joint Evaluation: Evaluation of the protracted refugee situation (PRS) for Burundians in Tanzania, by Gitte Robinson and Maria Riiskjaer
    • 2. December 2002
      Review of CORD community services for Angolan refugees in Western Province, Zambia
      Doc Symbol: EPAU/2002/14
    • 3. December 2002
      Review of CORD community services for Congolese refugees in Tanzania
      Doc Symbol: EPAU/2002/13
    • 4. July 2002
      Responding to protracted refugee situations: A case study of Liberian refugees in Côte d'Ivoire
      Doc Symbol: EPAU/2002/07
    • 5. July 2002
      Responding to protracted refugee situations: A case study of Liberian refugees in Ghana
      Doc Symbol: EPAU/2002/06
    • 6. June 2001
      Evaluation of the Dadaab firewood project, Kenya
      Doc Symbol: EPAU/2001/08
    • 7. May 2001
      Lessons learned from the implementation of the Tanzania security package
      Doc Symbol: EPAU/2001/05
    • 8. January 2001
      A beneficiary-based evaluation of UNHCR's programme in Guinea, West Africa
      Doc Symbol: EPAU/2001/02
    • 9. November 2000
      Minimum standards and essential needs in a protracted refugee situation: A review of the UNHCR programme in Kakuma, Kenya
      Doc Symbol: EPAU/2000/05


    • 1. July 2002
      Participatory Poverty Assessment of Nakivale and Oruchinga Refugee Camps in Southern Uganda: Livelihood Characteristics, Economic Constraints and Recommendations for Change
    • 2. March 2002
      Peace Education Programme in Dadaab and Kakuma, Kenya: Evaluation Summary


    • 1. January 2009
      A surrogate state? The role of UNHCR in protracted refugee situations, Amy Slaughter and Jeff Crisp
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 168
    • 2. June 2008
      Local integration: an under-reported solution to protracted refugee situations, Alexandra Fielden
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 158
    • 3. January 2008
      The impact of environmental degradation on refugee-host relations: a case study from Tanzania, Leah Berry
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 151
    • 4. October 2004
      Refugee integration in the intermediate term: a study of Nepal, Pakistan, and Kenya, Susan Banki
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 108
    • 5. September 2004
      International cooperation and the targeting of development assistance for refugee solutions: Lessons from the 1980s, Alexander Betts
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 107
    • 6. April 2004
      Self-image and the well-being of refugees in Rhino Camp, Uganda, Wiebke Hoeing
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 103
    • 7. October 2003
      Forced migrants as an under-utilized asset: refugee skills, livelihoods, and achievements in Kampala, Uganda, Michela Macchiavello
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 95
    • 8. September 2003
      Local integration as a durable solution: refugees, host populations and education in Uganda, Sarah Dryden-Peterson and Lucy Hovil
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 93
    • 9. March 2003
      Towards self sufficiency and integration: an historical evaluation of assistance programmes for Rwandese refugees in Burundi, 1962 1965, Nathaniel H. Goetz
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 87
    • 10. March 2003
      Moving beyond long-term refugee situations: the case of Guatemala, Christine Cheng and Johannes Chudoba
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 86
    • 11. March 2003
      The role and impact of humanitarian assets in refugee-hosting countries, Melissa Phillips
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 84
    • 12. March 2003
      Community services in refugee aid programmes: a critical analysis, Oliver Bakewell
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 82
    • 13. January 2003
      No solutions in sight: the problem of protracted refugee situations in Africa, Jeff Crisp
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 75
    • 14. February 2002
      Liberians in Ghana: living without humanitarian assistance, Shelly Dick
      Doc Symbol: Working Paper No. 57
    • 15. July 2001
      The repatriation predicament of Burmese refugees in Thailand: a preliminary analysis, Hazel Lang
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 46
    • 16. July 2001
      The forgotten solution: local integration for refugees in developing countries, Karen Jacobsen
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 45
    • 17. May 2001
      Mind the gap! UNHCR, humanitarian assistance and the development process, Jeff Crisp
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 43
    • 18. April 2001
      The humanitarian hangover: transnationalization of governmental practice in Tanzania's refugee-populated areas, Loren B. Landau
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 40
    • 19. April 2001
      Vital links in social security: Somali refugees in the Dadaab camps, Kenya, Cindy Horst
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 38
    • 20. October 2000
      UNHCR's withdrawal from Kiryandongo: anatomy of a handover, Tania Kaiser
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 32
    • 21. August 2000
      Are refugee camps good for children?, Barbara Harrell-Bond
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 29
    • 22. June 2000
      Refugee identities and relief in an African borderland: a study of northern Uganda and southern Sudan, Jozef Merkx
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 19
    • 23. December 1999
      A state of insecurity: the political economy of violence in refugee-populated areas of Kenya, Jeff Crisp
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 16
    • 24. June 1999
      Changing opportunities: refugees and host communities in western Tanzania, Beth Elise Whitaker
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 11
    • 25. June 1999
      Angry young men in camps: international assistance and changing hierarchies of authority amongst Burundian refugees in Tanzania, Simon Turner
      Doc Symbol: WPNo. 9


    • 1. 22 December 2009
      Executive Committe Conclusion on Protracted Refugee Situations
      Source: Executive Committe Conclusions. Executive Committee 61st session, Extraordinary Meeting of 8 December 2009. Available in French
      Doc Symbol: No. 109 (LX) 2009; contained in UN GA document A/AC.96/1080
    • 2. 20 Nov 2008
      Protracted Refugee Situations: A discussion paper prepared for the High Commissioner's Dialogue on Protection Challenges, Geneva, December 2008
      Source: Standing Committee
      Doc Symbol: UNHCR/DPC/2008/Doc. 02
    • 3. 2 Jun 2008
      Protracted Refugee Situations: Revisiting the Problem
      Source: Standing Committee
      Doc Symbol: EC/59/SC/CRP.13
    • 4. January 2006
      Acute Malnutrition in Protracted Refugee Situations: A Global Strategy UNHCR/WFP
      Source: UNHCR/WFP
    • 5. 10 Jun 2004
      Protracted Refugee Situations
      Source: Standing Committee
      Doc Symbol: EC/54/SC/CRP.14
    • 6. 1 Nov 2001
      Addressing Protracted Refugee Situations in Africa
      (Prepared for the Informal Consultations on New Approaches and Partnerships for Protection and Solutions in Africa, 14 December 2001)
      Source: Global Consultations
    • 7. 1 Oct 2001
      Discussion Paper on Protracted Refugee Situations in the African Region
      (Prepared for the Panel Discussion of 3 October 2002, During ExCom's 52nd Session)
      Source: Global Consultations


    • 1. 10 Jun 2004
      Protracted Refugee Situations
      UNHCR policy and data on 38 major long-standing refugee situations, including 6.2 million refugees
      Source: Statistics
      Doc Symbol: EC/54/SC/CRP.14



Second Dialogue on Protection Challenges, December 2008

An informal discussion among stakeholders about protracted refugee situations.

Lost in limbo

An Economist magazine article says there may be fewer refugees, but their problems are getting harder to solve. The article draws upon a recent UNHCR research paper that highlights the problems confronting people who have lived in exile for years.