Half a million Rohingya refugees have fled violence in Myanmar. Follow the crisis here.
The Rohingya are a stateless Muslim minority in Myanmar. The latest exodus began on 25 August 2017, when violence broke out in Myanmar’s Rakhine State. The vast majority of Rohingya refugees reaching Bangladesh are women and children, including newborn babies. Many others are elderly people requiring additional aid and protection. They have nothing and need everything.
Over half of the new arrivals have sought shelter in and around the existing refugee camps of Kutupalong and Nayapara and in makeshift sites that existed before the influx. Some have joined relatives there, while others are drawn to the assistance and services – putting immense pressure on the existing facilities.
“They burnt our house and drove us out by shooting. We walked for three days through the jungle.”
–Mohammed, who fled to Bangladesh with his family of seven, including a baby born along the way
New spontaneous settlements have sprouted overnight, raising concerns over the lack of adequate shelter, water and sanitation. Many refugees are still in temporary shelters – often nothing more than a tarpaulin held on bamboo poles. Infrastructure and services are overstretched. Local villages have also taken in the new arrivals, straining their already limited resources.
The situation remains precarious as refugees continue to arrive every day. Many refugees tell horrific stories of extreme violence, several showing wounds and trauma inflicted before their flight. They claim many other families are on the run and are trying to reach safety in Bangladesh. As more refugees arrive every day there is an acute need for emergency shelters, blankets and other forms of aid. To lessen the risk of waterborne and airborne diseases, refugees and host communities urgently need more clean water, health care and other supplies. Pregnant women, young children and the elderly are especially vulnerable.
What is UNHCR doing to help?
This is the fastest-growing refugee emergency in the world today. We are working with the Bangladesh government and partners to respond to the massive humanitarian needs.
By mid-October, UNHCR had airlifted to Bangladesh some 700 metric tonnes of life-saving aid, including tents, plastic sheets, blankets, mosquito nets, kitchen sets and jerry cans. Furthers airlifts are planned.
Together with our partners, we are also helping the government to develop Kutupalong Extension, a new site near Kutupalong refugee camp. This includes funding a road to facilitate construction and refugee access, supporting site planning, building latrines and wells, improving the water and sanitation facilities and distributing shelter materials.
As a measure against health problems such as acute watery diarrhoea, we are in the process of constructing a total of 8,000 latrines for the refugees. Already, UNHCR and partners have installed nearly 500 latrines, 51 shallow tube wells and 8 deep tube wells to ensure access to drinkable water. We are also supporting the government-led cholera vaccination program, which began on 10 October, along with UNICEF and WHO.
Together with the Bangladesh’s Refugee Relief and Repatriation Commission, we are conducting family counting in the Kutupalong and Balukhali extension sites. The data collected on family profiles and vulnerabilities will help to improve aid delivery and plan for solutions in the future.
Led by UNHCR, the protection group is scaling up its engagement in all refugee settlements. The group is working on a referral system and safe spaces for victims of gender-based violence. It is also enhancing efforts to identify and refer children at risk for the appropriate support.
Our teams remain on full alert amid reports of a potential new influx of refugees by land and sea. UNHCR and its partners are supporting the government in pre-positioning and delivering assistance for potential fresh arrivals.
UNHCR continues to boost its presence in the field through the deployment of relief specialists in different sectors. We now have 182 emergency staff in Bangladesh, including 84 national colleagues. We will continue to boost our presence and operations as to match the scale and complexity of this still fluid and evolving refugee crisis.
UNHCR urgently requires an $83.7 million to respond to massive humanitarian needs in Bangladesh until the end of February 2018. Much more needs to be done to meet the acute needs of children, women and men fleeing conflict.
Reports and links
- UNHCR's Emergency Response in Bangladesh (September 2017)
- Supplementary Appeal – Myanmar Refugee Emergency Response In Bangladesh (Sept 2017 – Feb 2018)
- Bangladesh – Operational Update (6 October 2017)