Kenya: Worsening security situation
UNHCR remains very concerned about the worsening security situation in various parts of Kenya's Rift Valley province. In the last few days, this has hindered access to increasingly vulnerable groups of internally-displaced persons (IDPs). For example, yesterday (Monday) UNHCR and IOM called off a planned evacuation of up to 400 people from Timboroa, an area some 60 km from the town of Eldoret. An estimated 11,000 fresh IDPs have fled to the area following weekend attacks on their homes.
UNHCR had expected to work with IOM and other agencies to register IDPs wishing to leave the area and explain to them their options regarding evacuation. A similar evacuation of IDP families wishing to leave the Naivasha area has also been shelved for now due to the security situation. Security permitting, an inter-agency team including a UNHCR site planner will this morning attempt to get to Timboroa to begin the demarcation of an identified IDP site that could accommodate up to 2,000 people who are opting to remain there.
Last week, UNHCR provided assistance with a similar evacuation exercise at the Jamhuri Park in Nairobi. A total of 1,813 IDPs voluntarily registered to be re-located from Jamhuri Park Camp to their homes or to live with relatives in other areas of Nairobi. IDPs were transported using buses hired by IOM from Jamhuri Park Camp to drop-off points located in various city estates.
In neighbouring Uganda, meanwhile, UNHCR and partners have relocated 1,050 Kenyan refugees away from border areas in the south-east of Uganda to a transit centre in Mulanda, some 35 km inland. The refugees have been moved from the border towns of Busia, Malaba and Lwakhakha.
The relocation exercise was launched last Wednesday to transfer an estimated 6,500 Kenyan refugees who have fled to Uganda since the outbreak of post-election violence in Kenya. Many of those who opted to move to Mulanda were living in two primary schools in Busia and Malaba. Women and children slept in the classrooms while men slept in tents erected on the playground. These schools are now empty.
In readiness for the new school year in Uganda, an NGO has begun rehabilitating the school in Busia. At the same time, UNHCR is now transferring relief supplies that had been stored in the schools to the new transit centre. These supplies will be used at Mulanda now hosting nearly 400 families. Refugees in Mulanda have been registered and provided ration cards which entitle them to food, basic household commodities and other services at the transit centre. Each family has been allocated a tent.
UNHCR will continue to provide transportation to Mulanda for other Kenyan refugees who may approach the UN refugee agency for assistance to get to the transit centre. Unknown numbers of refugees have opted to remain in the border towns where they are living with friends and relatives. Some of them had expressed an interest to stay close to the border where they can more easily monitor developments inside Kenya.
The refugees who have moved to Mulanda are expected to remain there for several weeks. Their return will depend on developments in Kenya and if things do not improve, they will be offered the chance to move to long-established refugee settlements in western Uganda.
Uganda currently hosts more than 216,000 refugees, mostly from neighbouring Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. The country is also coping with 850,000 internally displaced persons.