LGBTIQ+ activist Yeraldine Cabrera, pictured with her partner, strive to make their host country of Ecuador more inclusive for refugees in 2022. They have lived in Quito, Ecuador since they were forced to flee Venezuela.
© UNHCR/Jaime Giménez

LGBTIQ+ Claims

UNHCR has long recognized the specific protection need of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and queer (LGBTIQ+) individuals and those who are perceived to hold such identities. The persecution of people because of their sexual orientation or gender identity is not a new phenomenon and a growing number of claims on this basis has necessitated greater awareness among decision-makers of the specific experiences of LGBTIQ+ asylum seekers and a deeper examination of the legal questions involved. UNHCR works to understand and address the unique protection concerns of LGBTIQ+ individuals and has produced country-specific asylum eligibility guidelines that discuss their specific risk profiles.

UNHCR offers the following summary of its views on claims based on sexual orientation or gender identity:

Key UNHCR Resources

For a discussion of substantive and procedural considerations relevant to LGBTIQ+ asylum claims, see:

For a discussion of UNHCR’s views on the legal analysis of LGBTIQ+ asylum claims in the U.S. context, see:

For a discussion of the specific protection issues, problems, and risks facing refugee and asylum-seeking LGBTIQ+ individuals, see:

Additional Materials