2014 UNHCR country operations profile - Central African Republic
| Overview |
For decades, the Central African Republic (CAR) has been troubled by military coups, rebellions, war and the looting of assets, leading to a deep economic crisis in the country. Foreign armed groups are active in the CAR, particularly in the north, northeast and southeast.
Despite the precarious situation in the CAR, the country's stance on asylum is constructive and refugees live side-by-side with local populations, both in rural areas and in Bangui. The Government of the CAR has made land available for nearly 12,000 refugees living in three camps and provides them with refugee identification documents.
Since December 2012, the CAR has been experiencing political and social instability as well as insecurity, which has exacerbated the already precarious humanitarian situation in the country. Following the seizure of power by force in March 2013, the country has seen the disruption of normal life, human rights violations, and the massive displacement of populations.
Over 400,000 people are estimated to be internally displaced, compared to some 94,000 in early 2012. Some 65,000 individuals have fled to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the Republic of the Congo, Chad and Cameroon, bringing the global number of Central African refugees close to 220,000.
UN staff who had been evacuated following the March events, returned to the CAR by mid-August 2013. However, the presence of armed individuals throughout the country affects the security situation; incidents, including attacks on the offices, warehouses and vehicles of UN agencies and humanitarian organizations continue to take place. Insecurity is also strongly affecting humanitarian access, forcing some organizations to scale down or temporarily suspend their activities.
People of concern
The main groups of people of concern planned for in 2014 under the CAR operation are: refugees and asylum-seekers of various nationalities who are hosted in Bangui; refugees from the DRC hosted in rural areas (Zemio and Batalimo camps) who escaped tribal violence in the north-western part of the DRC; refugees from Sudan (Pladama Ouaka camp, close to Bambari town) who fled violence in the Darfur region; and over 400,000 IDPs who have settled in several makeshift sites in the Ombella-Mpoko, Kemo, Ouaka and Ouham districts.
|UNHCR 2014 planning figures for Central African Republic|
|TYPE OF POPULATION||ORIGIN||Dec 2013||Dec 2014||Dec 2015|
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Refugees||Dem. Rep. of the Congo||9,880||9,290||8,880||8,290||3,290||3,290|
|Asylum-seekers||Dem. Rep. of the Congo||1,360||130||1,000||100||800||100|
|Returnee arrivals during year (ex-refugees)||Central African Rep.||-||-||-||-||35,000||35,000|
|Internally displaced||Central African Rep.||400,000||240,000||400,000||240,000||200,000||200,000|
|Returnee arrivals during year (ex-IDPs)||Central African Rep.||-||-||100,000||25,000||35,000||20,000|
| Response |
Needs and strategies
The Office, in close collaboration with its Government counterpart and partners, will continue to provide international protection, multi-sector assistance and durable solutions to approximately 12,000 rural and urban refugees, mainly of Sudanese and Congolese (DRC) origin, in the CAR. This includes some 6,000 refugees from the DRC in Batalimo camp who have expressed their wish to repatriate.
UNHCR will advocate with the new Government to establish a national refugee status determination mechanism. For rural and urban refugees who do not wish to return, UNHCR will support their self-reliance, while endeavouring to support their local integration and naturalization.
Many IDPs have seen their villages burnt, social and sanitary infrastructure looted, and livestock stolen. Their critical needs include shelter, water, basic healthcare and education. As the protection cluster lead agency, UNHCR will strengthen protection and advocacy activities for over 400,000 IDPs through increased networking with protection cluster partners, protection by presence and protection monitoring. In the most affected areas, activities related to preventing and responding to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) will be carried out, while domestic items and shelter support will be provided to the most vulnerable. In the context of the humanitarian reform and the Transformative Agenda, UNHCR will collaborate and coordinate actions in support of the burgeoning IDP population.
| Implementation |
In 2014, UNHCR will work in close coordination with the authorities of the CAR, and maintain its strategic partnership with the Commission Nationale pour les Réfugiés (CNR), at the national, regional and local levels, with a view to continuing to provide protection to refugees and IDPs. Concerted efforts will be made to increase the presence of the CNR in the field, particularly in the three refugee camps (Batalimo, Pladama-Ouaka and Zemio) to preserve order and security, protect the population from violence and exploitation, and ensure effective camp management. Particular attention will also be paid to conducting registration, profiling and regular updating of data and providing civil status documentation to refugees. The provision of multi-sector assistance by UNHCR's implementing partners will be closely coordinated and monitored to ensure a harmonized response in the three camps and greater impact on the beneficiaries.
Concerning IDPs, UNHCR will strengthen its leadership of the protection and shelter clusters as well as collaboration and coordination with other humanitarian actors to enhance service to IDPs.
|2014 UNHCR partners in Central African Republic|
|Government agencies: Commission Nationale pour les Réfugiés|
|NGOs: Centre de Support en Santé, Cooperazione Internazionale, Danish Refugee Council, International Medical Corps, Medical Emergency Relief International, Mercy Corps, Triangle|
|Government agencies: Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Social Affairs, Office of the President, Office of the Prime Minister, Territorial Administration|
|NGOs: Agence d'Aide à la Coopération technique et au Développement, Association pour le Développement de M'brès, Alliance pour la Protection de l'Enfant en Centrafrique, Community Humanitarian Emergency Board, Mission idéale d'Actions Humanitaires et de Développement durable, International Rescue Committee, Jesuit Refugee Service, Jeunesse unie pour la Protection de l'Environnement et le Développement communautaire, Ligue centrafricaine des Droits de l'Homme, Ligue islamique d'Afrique, Fondation de Recherches et d'Actions pour le Développement, Rebatisseurs de la Muraille des Oeuvres de Dieu, Save the Children International, Vitalité Plus, War Child|
|Others: FAO, UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA), UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, WFP, WHO|
| Financial information |
Taking into consideration the influx of Congolese (DRC) refugees and the rising number of IDPs, the financial requirements for UNHCR's operation in the CAR grew from USD 18.9 million in 2010 to USD 27.9 million in 2012, before decreasing to a revised 2013 budget of USD 23.6 million. With the recent displacement crisis in the country, as well as the ongoing repatriation operation, the 2014 financial requirements for the CAR are set at USD 24.4 million. However the provision of protection and emergency shelter for IDPs may require additional resources in the year ahead.
Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2014-2105