2014 UNHCR country operations profile - Djibouti
| Overview |
The political and security situation in Djibouti is currently stable. However, the country has limited natural resources and is struggling to recover from six consecutive years of drought. These challenges have had a negative socio-economic impact on the host community and the people of concern to UNHCR.
Djibouti plays a considerable role in international efforts to restore peace in Somalia and has been party to discussions for reaching a political settlement. Djibouti has grown as a regional hub for international forces combating terrorism and piracy in the Gulf of Aden, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Djibouti has a high national unemployment rate, placing further economic pressure on the country. Work opportunities and prospects of local integration for refugees are limited, which has implications on their livelihood opportunities.
Djibouti is host to over 21,000 refugees, mainly from Somalia, who mostly reside in Holl Holl camp, which reopened in 2011, and Ali Addeh camp.
Given its geographic location and environmental conditions, as well as the socio-economic and security situation in the region, Djibouti has also increasingly become a transit country for mixed migratory movements to other countries such as Yemen.
In 2014-2015, the Government of Djibouti will continue to provide land for the establishment of refugee camps, and the Office National d'Assistance aux Réfugiés et Sinistrés (ONARS) will manage water, food distribution and security.
People of concern
Djibouti hosts over 25,000 people of concern to UNHCR, including over 21,000 refugees and more than 4,200 asylum-seekers. This population includes Somalis, Ethiopians and Eritreans, the majority of whom fled as a result of conflict and violence in their countries of origin, with women and children representing over 70 per cent of the refugee population in the two camps.
|UNHCR 2014 planning figures for Djibouti|
|TYPE OF POPULATION||ORIGIN||Dec 2013||Dec 2014||Dec 2015|
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
| Response |
Needs and strategies
In 2014, the Office, together with its partners, will focus on life-saving activities in Djibouti while providing protection and assistance to people of concern and improving the operational context in the country. Building on the work completed in 2013, this will be achieved in 2014 through focus on five priority areas: health and nutrition; water and sanitation; education and self-reliance/livelihood activities; sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV); and durable solutions.
Mortality rates of children are below the UNHCR standard, and there is a need to reduce the high prevalence of acute malnutrition and anaemia among children of 6-59 months. To this end, UNHCR will focus on improving health standards and immunizations, especially among children. In addition, strengthening the growth monitoring activities for all children below five-years old and improving the coverage of measles immunizations to 95 per cent will be priority activities.
In the area of water and sanitation, there is a need to increase the average supply of potable water from 11 to 20 litres per person per day, to increase family latrine coverage in the camp from 70 per cent in 2013 to 80 per cent in 2014 and to improve the hygiene and sanitary conditions in both Ali Addeh and Holl Holl camps.
UNHCR will focus on both increasing the percentage of children enrolled in primary school as a priority in 2014 and raising the ratio of teachers with professional teaching qualifications. In addition, the Office will engage with the Government of Djibouti on the development of a curriculum meeting refugee needs. This will include addressing problem areas and creating opportunities for secondary and tertiary education, as well as vocational training.
With respect to self-reliance, the implementation of income-generating activities will be improved. Moreover, a link between vocational training and livelihood activities involving refugees and host communities will be established as a means of fostering de facto local integration.
In the absence of possibilities for local integration as a durable solution, UNHCR will continue its efforts to advocate for resettlement as the most viable durable solution for refugees. The Office has planned for the return of 500 refugees to Somalia after the completion and collection of intentions of return in 2013.
| Implementation |
UNHCR maintains close cooperation with the Government, other UN organizations, and national and international NGOs in order to deliver protection and assistance in all major sectors to refugees in a collective and comprehensive manner.
The Government counterpart, ONARS, is UNHCR's main implementing partner in the camps and will continue to oversee camp management, security, water and food distribution. The Ministry of Urbanism, Housing and Environment implements environmental activities and continues to provide mud stoves to refugee communities. WFP will continue supplying food rations to refugees in the camps and ensure that the basic nutritional needs of refugees are covered. UNICEF will maintain its significant contribution to coping with the drought by trucking water and implementing complementary nutritional and educational activities. Other efforts by implementing partners include SGBV-prevention and response activities, primary education services, income-generating activities, as well as HIV and AIDS prevention campaigns for refugees.
|2014 UNHCR partners in Djibouti|
|Government agencies: Ministry of Interior (ONARS), Ministry of Urbanism, Housing and Environment|
|NGOs: Association pour la protection de l'enfance et pour l'Epanouissement de la Famille, Care Canada, Lutheran World Federation, Union Nationale des Femmes Djiboutienne|
|Others: IGAD, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, WFP|
|Others: IOM, Norwegian Refugee Council|
| Financial information |
Over the last four years, the financial requirements for UNHCR's operation in Djibouti have grown from USD 20.8 million in 2010 to a revised 2013 budget of USD 26.2 million, in order to address the needs of the people of concern, many of whom were affected by the 2011 famine that caused an outflow from Somalia. In 2014, the financial requirements for the operation are set at USD 27 million, with the entire budget allocated to the refugee programme. A shortfall in 2014 funding would present critical gaps prohibiting UNHCR from addressing activities related to water supply, secondary education, vocational training, self-reliance and shelter.
Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2014-2105
UNHCR contact information
|The UNHCR Representation in Djibouti|
|Style of Address||The UNHCR Representative in Djibouti|
|Street Address||LOT No 24, Rue De L'Ígad, Quartier Heron, Djibouti, Djibouti|
|Mailing Address||B.P. 1885, Djibouti, Djibouti|
|Telephone||253 21 35 16 77|
|Facsimile||253 21 35 86 23|
|Time Zone||GMT + 3|
|Public Holidays||01 January 2014, New Year's Day
13 January 2014, Maouloud
20 April 2014, Easter
01 May 2014, Labour Day
26 May 2014, Al-Isra Al Miraj
26 June 2014, Independence Day
28 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
05 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
23 October 2014, Musulman New Year
25 December 2014, Christmas Day