2014 UNHCR country operations profile - Lebanon
| Overview |
Previously strong economic growth rates in Lebanon have been negatively affected by political instability, security incidents and the effects of the crisis in the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria).
The growing number of Syrian refugees and the effects of their presence on the political, economic and social stability, as well as on the labour market and infrastructure, are a major concern.
Lebanon has not signed the 1951 Refugee Convention, although it has signed most other human rights treaties relevant to the protection of refugees. Constitutionally, the latter take precedence over domestic law but this is rarely observed by the courts, and there is no domestic legislation or administrative practice to address the specific needs of refugees and asylum-seekers.
In addition to maintaining its borders open to the influx of refugees, the Government of Lebanon has allowed Syrians to access the education and health systems.
The Government of Lebanon has also played a very active role in facilitating the coordination and planning of the response.
People of concern
The majority of people of concern planned for in 2014 under the Lebanon operation are Syrians fleeing the conflict in Syria. By August 2013, the number of Syrians registered and pending registration with UNHCR stood at over 700,000. Based on the situation in Syria and current arrival trends, it is expected that up to 1 million Syrian refugees may be residing in Lebanon by December 2013. By the end of 2014, the Syrian refugee population could reach 1.5 million.
Of the more than 8,000 (non-Syrian and non-Palestinian) refugees and asylum-seekers registered with UNHCR, Iraqis represent 87 per cent and the remaining originate from Egypt, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Somalia and Sudan. Based on trends of 2013, and despite the situation in Iraq, the total number of non-Palestinian and non-Syrian refugees is projected to continue to decrease in 2014.
Exact figures on statelessness are not known, but could be as high as 200,000 according to some academic studies.
|UNHCR 2014 planning figures for Lebanon|
|TYPE OF POPULATION||ORIGIN||Dec 2013||Dec 2014||Dec 2015|
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Syrian Arab Rep.||1,000,000||1,000,000||1,500,000||1,500,000||1,500,000||1,500,000|
| Response |
Needs and strategies
UNHCR's overarching strategy in Lebanon remains to protect, assist and facilitate solutions for refugees and other people of concern, through a close partnership with the Government, the Parliament, the judiciary and the UN Country Team, as well as local NGOs and partners. The displacement of increasingly impoverished people with limited access to employment throughout the entire country makes it essential to adapt the response according to the varied profiles and locations of the Syrian refugee population.
The overall focus is to ensure results and impact-oriented performance of interventions by both UNHCR and the many other organizations participating in the UNHCR-led response for Syrian refugees. UNHCR will focus its activities on: the overall coordination to the Syrian refugee crisis; prioritized shelter interventions; provision of essential non-food items; and support for access to health services and education. Moreover, together with partners, the Office will support host communities and local authorities in order to limit the impact of the refugee influx on the overall protection environment. UNHCR will also support the Government with measures to improve the capacities of central and local actors to help refugees, as well as to reduce and prevent statelessness in Lebanon.
| Implementation |
With the rapidly expanding refugee emergency operation in Lebanon, UNHCR will continue to play a crucial role in inter-agency coordination. As the lead agency chairing or co-chairing several sector working groups, and as part of the Office's commitment to enhancing coordination, a dedicated senior inter-agency coordinator will work to align the working groups addressing protection, shelter, non-food items, food, education, water, sanitation and hygiene, as well as health sectors. In all of these sectors, UNHCR ensures close cooperation and provides information management services for all response partners, including a wide range of international and national NGOs.
The Office will foster close relations with key ministries including the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Ministry of Education and Higher Education, as well as the Ministry of the Interior, and encourage the engagement of others. UNHCR will moreover pursue further cooperation with the security branches of the Lebanese Government.
|2014 UNHCR partners in Lebanon|
|Government agencies: Ministry of Social Affairs|
|NGOs: Action contre la Faim, Agence d'aide à la coopération technique et au développement, Al Majmouaa, Amel association, Association Justice et Miséricorde, Caritas - Migrant Centre, Comitato Internazionale per lo Sviluppo dei Popoli, Concern Worldwide Ireland, Cooperative Housing Foundation International, Danish Refugee Council, Green Shield, International Alert, International Medical Corps, International Orthodox Christian Charities, International Relief and Development, International Rescue Committee, INTERSOS, Islamic Relief Worldwide, Makhzoumi Foundation, Medair, Mercy Corps, Norwegian Refugee Council, Oxfam UK, Première Urgence - Aide Médicale Internationale, Restart, Right to Play, Terre des Hommes Italia, War Child Holland, World Vision International|
|Others: UNDP, UN-HABITAT, UNOPS|
|Government agencies: Dar Al Fatwa, High Relief Commission, Human Rights Committee in Parliament, Ministry of Education and Higher Education, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of the Interior and Municipal Affairs|
|NGOs: ActionAid Denmark, ALPHA, Associazione Volontari per il Servizio Internazionale, Center for Victims of Torture, Fundación Promoción Social de la Cultura, GVC/Muslim Aid, Handicap International, Heartland Alliance International, Lebanese Red Cross, Makassed, Médecins du Monde, Première Urgence-Aide Médicale Internationale, Refugee Education Trust, Relief International, René Moawad Foundation, Safadi Foundation, Save the Children International, Search for Common Ground, Terre des Hommes Lausanne, World Rehabilitation Fund, YMCA|
|Others: FAO, ICRC, IFRC, ILO, IOM, Lebanese Red Cross, OCHA, OHCHR, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHABITAT, UNICEF, UNODC, UNRWA, UNSCOL, UNWOMEN, WFP, WHO|
| Financial information |
Over the last several years, the financial requirements for UNHCR's operation in Lebanon have seen a dramatic increase from USD 13.5 million in 2010 to a revised 2013 budget of USD 362 million, as a result of the response to the needs arising from the emergency in Syria.
The overall budget for Lebanon in 2014 is set at USD 370.9 million, with the majority of the budget devoted to the emergency response for Syrian refugees. These financial requirements are based on the best estimates for 2014 using the information available as of mid-2013. In light of the evolving situation in Syria, any additional requirements will be presented in the Regional Response Plan for Syrian Refugees (RRP6) with the situation undergoing further review in the course of 2014.
Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2014-2105
UNHCR contact information
|The UNHCR Representation in Lebanon|
|Style of Address||The UNHCR Represenative in Lebanon|
|Street Address||Khater Bldg, Dr. Philippe Hitti Street, Ramlet El Baida, (Behind Spinneys Supermarket Jnah), BEIRUT, Lebanon|
|Mailing Address||P.O. Box 11-7332, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon|
|Telephone||961 1 849 201|
|Facsimile||961 1 849 211|
|Time Zone||GMT + 2|
|Public Holidays||01 January 2014, New Year's Day
13 January 2014, Prophet's Birthday
18 April 2014, Good Friday
21 April 2014, Easter Monday
01 May 2014, Labour Day
28 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
06 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
27 October 2014, Hejri New Year (1436)
24 November 2014, Independence Day
25 December 2014, Christmas Day