High Commissioner's Dialogue on Protection Challenges, 2014
Protection at Sea
The Dialogue informed implementation of a two-year Global Initiative on Protection at Sea, which aims to support state action to limit loss of life at sea as well as exploitation, abuse and violence. The initiative also seeks to ensure that responses to mixed migration by sea are sensitive to the international protection needs of specific individuals and groups.
The Dialogue brought together delegations from 88 countries, 52 NGOs, and 13 IGOs as well as academics and experts. In total, some 450 people participated, making it the largest Dialogue to date. During the two-day meeting, the heads of UNHCR, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) issued a joint statement calling upon states to rigorously tackle the root causes of maritime migration, which include lack of access to safe and regular migration channels. The statement said that without credible alternative options to escape desperation, people will continue to risk their lives by making unsafe irregular boat journeys across the high seas.
In a mix of plenary sessions, breakout discussions and regional roundtables, the Dialogue fostered a focused exchange of views on issues such as rescue and disembarkation, addressing the drivers of irregular movements by sea, as well as international cooperation to share burdens and responsibilities, particularly at regional level. The outcomes of the Dialogue are summarized in High Commissioner Refugees Antonio Guterres's closing remarks as well as the reports of the breakout sessions, delivered in the final plenary session. The outcomes can be accessed on this page. UNHCR will, in 2015, present a work programme to it governing body to follow-up on the main recommendations.
UNHCR official documents
- Background Paper
- Flyer: Regional roundtable on protection at sea in the Mediterranean
- Flyer: Regional roundtable on protection at sea in the Caribbean
- Flyer: Regional roundtable on protection at sea in the Gulf of Aden
- Flyer: Regional roundtable on disembarkation and temporary protection in the Asia and Pacific region
- Global Initiative on Protection at Sea
- Brochure: Global Initiative on Protection at Sea
- Key documents
- Regional reports
- Refugee Protection and International Migration: Update 2013-2014
Selected follow-up to the Dialogue
Updated UNHCR, IMO and ICS guidance on rescue at sea (2015)
Global Migration Group Stocktaking Exercise on Protection at Sea (2015)
Assistant High Commissioner for Protection's Address to IMO High-level Meeting to Address Unsafe Mixed Migration by Sea (2015)
Workshop on Search and rescue of refugees and migrants in the Mediterranean: Practitioners' perspectives (2016)