Welcome to UNHCR’s Refugee Population Statistics Database

The database contains information about forcibly displaced populations spanning more than 70 years of statistical activities. It covers displaced populations such as refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced people, including their demographics. Stateless people are also included, most of who have never been displaced. The database also reflects the different types of solutions for displaced populations such as repatriation or resettlement.

This website is based on three data sources:

  • UNHCR data collected through its annual statistical activities with some data going back as far as 1951, the year UNHCR was created.
  • Data provided by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). Information is limited to registered Palestine refugees under UNRWA’s mandate.
  • Data provided by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). Information is limited to people displaced within their country due to conflict or violence.

For methodological explanations, data limitations and coverage, visit the Methodology page.

72%
originate from just five countries

More than 7 in 10 of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate and other people in need of international protection come from just five countries.

Syrian Arab Republic 6.8 million
Venezuela 5.6 million
Ukraine 5.4 million
Afghanistan 2.8 million
South Sudan 2.4 million
36%
hosted in five countries

Türkiye hosts the largest number of refugees, with 3.7 million people. Colombia is second with more than 2.5 million, including other people in need of international protection.

Türkiye 3.7 million
Colombia 2.5 million
Germany 2.2 million
Pakistan 1.5 million
Uganda 1.5 million
36.5 million
are children

At the end of 2021, of the 89.3 million forcibly displaced people, an estimated 36.5 million (41%) are children below 18 years of age.

1.5 million
children were born as refugees

Between 2018 and 2021, an average of between 350,000 and 400,000 children were born into a refugee life per year.

204,500
refugees returned or were resettled

Some 162,300 refugees returned to their countries of origin during the first six months of 2022 while 42,300 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance).

74%
hosted in low- and middle-income countries

Low- and middle-income countries host 74 per cent of the world’s refugees and other people in need of international protection. The least developed countries provide asylum to 22 per cent of the total.

4.3
million stateless people

Data on some 4.3 million stateless people residing in 95 countries was reported at mid-2022. The true global figure is estimated to be significantly higher.

69%
hosted in neighbouring countries

69 per cent of refugees and other people in need of international protection lived in countries neighbouring their countries of origin.

Last update: 27 October 2022

Download the Refugee Data mobile app

Mobile phones

The UNHCR Refugee Data app showcases forced displacement and statelessness statistics over the last 21 years by country of asylum and origin.