Welcome to UNHCR’s Refugee Population Statistics Database
The database contains information about forcibly displaced populations spanning more than 70 years of statistical activities. It covers displaced populations such as refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced people, including their demographics. Stateless people are also included, most of who have never been displaced. The database also reflects the different types of solutions for displaced populations such as repatriation or resettlement.
This website is based on three data sources:
- UNHCR data collected through its annual statistical activities with some data going back as far as 1951, the year UNHCR was created.
- Data provided by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). Information is limited to registered Palestine refugees under UNRWA’s mandate.
- Data provided by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). Information is limited to people displaced within their country due to conflict or violence.
For methodological explanations, data limitations and coverage, visit the Methodology page.
More than 7 in 10 of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate and other people in need of international protection come from just five countries.
|Syrian Arab Republic||6.8 million|
|South Sudan||2.4 million|
Türkiye hosts the largest number of refugees, with 3.7 million people. Colombia is second with more than 2.5 million, including other people in need of international protection.
At the end of 2021, of the 89.3 million forcibly displaced people, an estimated 36.5 million (41%) are children below 18 years of age.
Between 2018 and 2021, an average of between 350,000 and 400,000 children were born into a refugee life per year.
Some 162,300 refugees returned to their countries of origin during the first six months of 2022 while 42,300 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance).
Low- and middle-income countries host 74 per cent of the world’s refugees and other people in need of international protection. The least developed countries provide asylum to 22 per cent of the total.
Data on some 4.3 million stateless people residing in 95 countries was reported at mid-2022. The true global figure is estimated to be significantly higher.
69 per cent of refugees and other people in need of international protection lived in countries neighbouring their countries of origin.
Refugee Data Finder
An analysis tool that contains data on forcibly displaced and stateless populations, their demography and the solutions some of them found.