Welcome to UNHCR’s Refugee Population Statistics Database

The database contains information about forcibly displaced populations spanning across almost 70 years of statistical activities. It covers displaced populations such as refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced persons, including their demographics. Stateless persons are also included, most of who have never been displaced. The database also reflects the different types of solutions for displaced populations such as repatriation or resettlement.

This website is based on three data sources:

  • UNHCR data collected through its annual statistical activities with some data going back as far as 1951, the year UNHCR was created.
  • Data provided by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). Information is limited to registered Palestine refugees under UNRWA’s mandate.
  • Data provided by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). Information is limited to people displaced within their country due to conflict or violence.

For methodological explanations, data limitations and coverage, visit the Methodology page.

67%
originate from just five countries

More than two thirds of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate and Venezuelans displaced abroad come from just five countries (as of mid-2020).

Syrian Arab Republic 6.6 million
Venezuela 3.7 million
Afghanistan 2.7 million
South Sudan 2.3 million
Myanmar 1.0 million
39%
hosted in five countries

Turkey hosts the largest number of refugees, with 3.6 million people. Colombia is second with 1.8 million, including Venezuelans displaced abroad (as of mid-2020).

Turkey 3.6 million
Colombia 1.8 million
Pakistan 1.4 million
Uganda 1.4 million
Germany 1.1 million
30 – 34 million
are children

An estimated 30 – 34 million (38-43%) of the 79.5 million forcibly displaced persons are children below 18 years of age (end-2019).

86%
hosted in developing countries

Developing countries host 86 per cent of the world’s refugees and Venezuelans displaced abroad. The Least Developed Countries provide asylum to 28 per cent of the total.

120,000
refugees returned or were resettled

Some 102,600 refugees returned to their countries of origin in the first half of 2020 while 17,400 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance).

4.2
million stateless persons

Data on some 4.2 million stateless people residing in 79 countries was reported at mid-2020. The true global figure is estimated to be significantly higher.

Last update: 8 Dec 2020

Refugee Data Finder

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Download the Refugee Data mobile app

Mobile phones

The UNHCR Refugee Data app showcases forced displacement and statelessness statistics over the last 20 years by country of asylum and origin.