Welcome to UNHCR’s Refugee Population Statistics Database
The database contains information about forcibly displaced populations spanning more than 70 years of statistical activities. It covers displaced populations such as refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced people, including their demographics. Stateless people are also included, most of who have never been displaced. The database also reflects the different types of solutions for displaced populations such as repatriation or resettlement.
This website is based on three data sources:
- UNHCR data collected through its annual statistical activities with some data going back as far as 1951, the year UNHCR was created.
- Data provided by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). Information is limited to registered Palestine refugees under UNRWA’s mandate.
- Data provided by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). Information is limited to people displaced within their country due to conflict or violence.
For methodological explanations, data limitations and coverage, visit the Methodology page.
Over half of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate and other people in need of international protection come from just three countries.
|Syrian Arab Republic||6.8 million|
Türkiye hosts the largest number of refugees, with 3.6 million people, followed by the Islamic Republic of Iran with 3.4 million people. Colombia is third with 2.5 million, including other people in need of international protection.
|Islamic Republic of Iran||3.4 million|
At the end of 2022, of the 108.4 million forcibly displaced people, an estimated 43.3 million (40 per cent) are children below 18 years of age.
Between 2018 and 2022, an average of 385,000 children were born as refugees per year.
Some 339,300 refugees returned to their countries of origin during 2022 while 114,300 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance).
Low- and middle-income countries host 76 per cent of the world’s refugees and other people in need of international protection. The Least Developed Countries provide asylum to 20 per cent of the total.
Data on some 4.4 million stateless people residing in 95 countries was reported at end-2022. The true global figure is estimated to be significantly higher.
70 per cent of refugees and other people in need of international protection lived in countries neighbouring their countries of origin.
Refugee Data Finder
An analysis tool that contains data on forcibly displaced and stateless populations, their demography and the solutions some of them found.