From 1996, Rwanda has been hosting primarily Congolese refugees. They include refugees who fled in the 1990s, as well as more recent arrivals who fled to Rwanda during the 2012-2013 renewed hostilities in eastern DRC. For the latest statistics on Congolese refugees in Rwanda please click here.
As a result of election-related tensions in neighbouring Burundi, Rwanda has opened its border to host thousands of Burundian refugees who have fled the country since April 2015. Currently around 50,000 Burundian refugees are registered with UNHCR in Rwanda. Since 2020, approximately 30,000 Burundian refugees have returned home. Over the last year, however, rates of return have diminished over the past year due to refugee worries about lack of services, infrastructure and insecurity back home. For the latest statistics on Burundian refugees in Rwanda please click here.
In addition to the primarily Congolese and Burundian caseloads, Rwanda host small numbers of refugees for other countries such as Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia representing 0.03 percent of the total refugee population.
For more information on refugees and asylum seekers evacuated from Libya through the Emergency Transit Mechanism click here.