Europe, North America, parts of Asia-Pacific seeing rising refugee claims from Syria, Iraq and other conflict zones – UNHCR report
A UNHCR report released today shows that the number of people seeking refugee status in industrialized countries continued to climb in the first half of 2014, driven by the wars in Syria and Iraq as well as conflict and instability in Afghanistan, Eritrea and elsewhere.
UNHCR's new Asylum Trends report, which is based on data received from 44 governments in Europe, North America and parts of the Asia-Pacific, says 330,700 people asked for refugee status in these countries between the start of January and the end of June, a 24 per cent rise from a year earlier, and slightly higher than in the second half of last year (when there were 328,100 claims).
The report warned that, based on historical norms of higher numbers of asylum-seekers in the second half of each year, 2014 could produce as many as 700,000 claims - the highest total for industrialized countries in 20 years and a level not seen since the 1990s conflict in former Yugoslavia.
"We are clearly into an era of growing conflict," said UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres. "The global humanitarian system is already in great difficulty. The international community needs to prepare their populations for the reality that in the absence of solutions to conflict more and more people are going to need refuge and care in the coming months and years. Unfortunately, it is not clear that the resources and the access to asylum will be available to help them."
Despite the net overall increase in new claims shown in the report, more than two thirds of these were in just six countries - Germany, the United States, France, Sweden, Turkey and Italy.
Central Europe, in particular Hungary and Poland, as well as Australia saw declines in the numbers of people asking to be accepted as refugees. Australia had just 4,600 claims (a 20 per cent fall from a year earlier), while in Poland the number dropped to 3,300 (65 per cent lower) and in Hungary to 4,800 (58 per cent lower).
Overall, Syria was the main country of origin of people seeking asylum with a more than two-fold increase (48,400 claims compared to 18,900 in the same period in 2013). Iraq, where hundreds of thousands of people have become newly displaced this year, produced 21,300 asylum applications, followed by Afghanistan (19,300) and Eritrea (18,900).
The number of people applying for refugee status in the 44 industrialized countries covered by the report is just one element in the global picture of forced displacement from wars and conflict. Worldwide, 51.2 million were forcibly displaced as of the end of 2013. Most are either internally displaced within their own countries, else are hosted as refugees in states bordering onto war zones.
UNHCR publishes data on worldwide forced displacement each year in its Global Trends report http://www.unhcr.org/5399a14f9.html (Please copy paste link in a new browser). UNHCR's reports on asylum applications in industrialized countries are normally published twice annually.
The full Asylum Trends report is available by copying and pasting the following link into a web browser http://www.unhcr.org/5423f9699.html. The report, this press release, and all accompanying materials are subject to an embargo of not for use before 0500 GMT on 26 September 2014.
- Melissa Fleming Spokesperson for High Commissioner Guterres +41 79 557 9122
- Adrian Edwards UNHCR Spokesman +41 79 557 9120
- Babar Baloch Communications Officer +41 79 557 9106
- Karin de Gruijl Senior Communications Officer +41 79 881 9185
- Ariane Rummery Senior Communications Officer +41 79 200 8339
- Francis Markus Senior Communications Officer +41 79 301 1966