UNHCR closes offices and phases out of Pakistan's earthquake zone
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, August 31 (UNHCR) - The UN refugee agency on Thursday closed its offices in Pakistan's earthquake-affected areas and handed over full responsibility for the management of relief camps to the local authorities.
UNHCR will continue to advise the authorities until the end of the year through the UN resident coordinator's office and the Norwegian Refugee Council. The offices closed on Thursday were located in Mansehra in North-West Frontier Province and in Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
"This was part of an overall framework for the transition of camp management responsibilities to the authorities, in line with the ERRA (Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority)/UN Early Recovery Plan that was adopted earlier this year," said Kilian Kleinschmidt, UNHCR's senior emergency coordinator.
"From the outset, we had made it clear that our involvement would be until the end of the winter and that we would phase out as of September 1, 2006 in a responsible, transparent and professional manner," he added.
UNHCR does not normally get involved in natural disasters. But, partly because of their huge scale, the agency quickly started helping survivors of the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004 and last year's earthquake in the mountainous Kashmir region, which left more than 70,000 people dead and tens of thousands homeless.
Immediately after the October 8 earthquake, UNHCR tapped emergency relief stockpiles in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Denmark, Dubai, India, Iran, Jordan and Turkey and distributed thousands of tonnes of supplies to quake survivors. To date, the agency has handed out more than 21,000 tents, 115,000 plastic sheets, close to 850,000 blankets, 38,000 mattresses and some 25,000 stoves/heaters.
At the height of the emergency operation, UNHCR had some 150 staff in Pakistan. The donor community contributed almost US$35 million to this effort.
As the UN's lead agency for camp management in the relief effort, UNHCR supported the government in the running of some 170 temporary relief camps in North-West Frontier Province and Kashmir. UNHCR provided material and technical support to the authorities and coordinated with different UN agencies and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to ensure basic services in the camps.
"You can measure the success of our activities by what was averted: there were no epidemics in the camps, few casualties over the course of winter," Kleinschmidt said.
Since March, more than 140,000 quake survivors have left the camps for home and over 130 camps are now closed. About 36,000 people remain in 44 camps. In the months leading up to the handover, UNHCR upgraded and maintained services in the remaining camps and identified partners in the UN and NGO community to make sure basic services would continue.
As part of its phase-out, UNHCR has developed a fundable capacity-building project for local administration in Kashmir and North-West Frontier Province that would assist officials to manage and monitor relief camp operations, returns, reintegration and population movements. "UNHCR will contribute financially to this structure until the end of 2006. Donors, NGOs and other UN agencies have joined us in this effort," Kleinschmidt said.