UNHCR calls for Darfur action at Britain's Labour Party Conference

News Stories, 22 September 2008

© UNHCR/D.Brown
The burning Darfuri village exhibit attracted a lot of attention.

MANCHESTER, United Kingdom, September 22 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency has recreated a burning Darfuri village at this year's British Labour Party Conference to highlight the plight of hundreds of thousands of displaced people in the beleaguered Sudanese region and to call for international help.

The mock settlement, complete with dry ice smoke, is also being used by UNHCR and its partner, the Aegis Trust, to raise awareness about millions of other people forcibly displaced from their homes around the world. Hundreds of politicians and Labour Party supporters are expected to visit it during the five-day conference, which opened on Saturday in the city of Manchester.

"This is an excellent way to engage leaders of the ruling party in Britain," said UNHCR Senior External Affairs Officer Peter Kessler, adding that several Labour parliamentarians, including cabinet members, had stopped to talk to staff at the UNHCR exhibit.

Labour Party supporter Adhiambo Ashall was impressed by the burning village. "This is heartrending, it looks so real," she said, adding: "You cannot ignore it."

UNHCR and Aegis are calling for governments and parties to the Darfur conflict to ensure security for the uprooted civilians in western Sudan's Darfur region most of whom are women and children and for greater efforts to ensure that people can return to their homes in safety.

The violence erupted in 2003 and has since uprooted more than 2.5 million Darfuris and forced some 250,000 to flee into neighbouring Chad, where they live in 12 UNHCR-run camps.

Refugee Halima Bashir, a Darfuri doctor who was abducted and tortured after speaking out about rapes of pre-teen children by militiamen in Sudan, is attending the conference as part of the UNHCR/Aegis team. She will be talking about Darfur and helping to raise awareness about the problems faced by people forced to flee persecution and conflict.

"I wish every man, in every part of the world, would help the people of Darfur and protect them so they can live in peace, as they did before," said Dr. Bashir, who has written about her experiences and flight. "Darfur is not another planet. People should wake up and see that innocent people are dying," she added.

© UNHCR/D.Brown
UNHCR's Laura Padoan with Britain's Secretary of State for International Development Douglas Alexander at the exhibit.

United Kingdom Prime Minister Gordon Brown, who is chairing the annual conference, earlier this year offered to host peace talks between the Sudanese government and rebel groups.

UNHCR, which cares for more than 32 million people worldwide, is one of the few aid agencies on the ground in West Darfur. Across the frontier in eastern Chad, the agency coordinates partner charities in a massive assistance operation beset by challenges due to the vast distances and lack of security.

The Aegis Trust, a leading British non-governmental organization, campaigns to prevent genocide worldwide. It coordinates the UK All-Party Parliamentary Group for genocide prevention. The group's Fund4Darfur supports survivors of the crisis both in the UK and in the region.

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Bonga Camp, Ethiopia

Bonga camp is located in the troubled Gambella region of western Ethiopia. But it remains untouched by the ethnic conflicts that have torn nearby Gambella town and Fugnido camp in the last year.

For Bonga's 17,000 Sudanese refugees, life goes on despite rumblings in the region. Refugee children continue with school and play while their parents make ends meet by supplementing UNHCR assistance with self-reliance projects.

Cultural life is not forgotten, with tribal ceremonies by the Uduk majority. Other ethnic communities – Shuluks, Nubas and Equatorians – are welcome too, judging by how well hundreds of newcomers have settled in after their transfer from Fugnido camp in late 2002.

Bonga Camp, Ethiopia

Southerners on the move before Sudanese vote

Ahead of South Sudan's landmark January 9, 2011 referendum on independence, tens of thousands of southern Sudanese in the North packed their belongings and made the long trek south. UNHCR set up way stations at key points along the route to provide food and shelter to the travellers during their arduous journey. Several reports of rapes and attacks on travellers reinforced the need for these reception centres, where women, children and people living with disabilities can spend the night. UNHCR has made contingency plans in the event of mass displacement after the vote, including the stockpiling of shelter and basic provisions for up to 50,000 people.

Southerners on the move before Sudanese vote

South Sudan: Preparing for Long-Awaited Returns

The signing of a peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the army of the Sudanese People's Liberation Movement on 9 January, 2005, ended 21 years of civil war and signaled a new era for southern Sudan. For some 4.5 million uprooted Sudanese – 500,000 refugees and 4 million internally displaced people – it means a chance to finally return home.

In preparation, UNHCR and partner agencies have undertaken, in various areas of South Sudan, the enormous task of starting to build some basic infrastructure and services which either were destroyed during the war or simply had never existed. Alongside other UN agencies and NGOs, UNHCR is also putting into place a wide range of programmes to help returnees re-establish their lives.

These programs include road construction, the building of schools and health facilities, as well as developing small income generation programmes to promote self-reliance.

South Sudan: Preparing for Long-Awaited Returns

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