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Since 2017, Mozambique has been immersed in a humanitarian crisis linked to violence perpetrated by non-state armed groups that deeply impacts the 25,000 refugees and asylum-seekers hosted by the country and which has led to the internal displacement of 850,500 people. In addition to these challenges, Mozambique, one of the countries most adversely affected by the impacts of the climate crisis in the world, also struggled with more than 40,000 people internally displaced by extreme weather events as of December 2023. The double landfall of Tropical Cyclone Freddy in February and March 2023, a year following the devastation brought by Tropical Cyclone Gombe, for instance, affected over 1 million people, destroyed infrastructure, and displaced some 184,000 people. Throughout 2023, 300,966 people returned to their areas of origin, many of which still lack basic services and adequate living conditions. UNHCR continues to stress that all return movements should occur in an informed, safe, voluntary, and dignified manner.

UNHCR Mozambique continues to work with authorities and development actors to address the protection and assistance needs and support sustainable solutions for internally displaced people in the northern provinces of Cabo Delgado, Nampula, and Niassa, for refugees and asylum-seekers, and for the communities that host them. In addition, preparedness and response efforts to natural hazards, including cyclones, flooding, and drought, are also cross-cutting in the response.

Additional documents

This document summarizes the operational activities in Mozambique and gives a quick situation update for the period 26 July to 9 August 2021.
This document summarizes the operational activities in Mozambique and gives a quick situation update for the period 10 - 23 August 2021.
This document gives a quick situation update (September 2021) and summarizes the key operational achievements for the period January to August 2021.

Additional information

For information about our work in Mozambique:


Are you looking for data on displacement in Mozambique? Visit the UNHCR data portal for the latest data and statistics on refugees and other displaced persons.

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Operational updates

For up-to-date information about our programmes and operations in Mozambique, including funding level and donor contributions, visit Global Focus, UNHCR's reporting portal.

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Legislation and guidance

For legislation, case law and UNHCR policy relating to claims for international protection, visit Refworld.

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Office contact details

For information about our operation in Mozambique, please contact us through our Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.