At the end of 2021, Spain had registered around 64,500 new asylum applications. As in previous years, the top nationalities were asylum-seekers from Latin American countries such as Venezuela and Colombia, although it also registered applications from Moroccan, Malians and Senegalese persons.
43,000 arrivals were registered by sea and land (Ceuta and Melilla) through the Western Mediterranean route and the North/West Africa Atlantic route towards the Canary Islands, over half of them to the Canaries shores. More than one thousand lost their lives in the attempt.
UNHCR has been present in Spain since late 1960 and has a role in the asylum procedure. UNHCR has a Central Office in Madrid and field presence in main sea & land entry points such as Melilla, Málaga, Algeciras (covering Ceuta) and the Canary Islands. UNHCR teams in the field support the Spanish authorities in identifying persons in need of international protection, providing training and advice on asylum and refugee matters.
Spain has been a signatory of the 1951 Geneva Convention and its Protocol since 1978 and counts on national asylum legislation (law 12/2009). Spain acceded to the UN Statelessness Conventions in 1997 and 2018 and established a statelessness determination procedure in 2001.
For information about our work in Spain:
- Information for refugees and asylum-seekers in Spain – help.unhcr.org
- Visit our country website - Spain | España (Español)
- For legislation, case law and UNHCR policy relating to claims for international protection, visit Refworld.
The UNHCR Representative in Spain
Avda. General Perón, 32 ¿ 2nd floor, 28020 Madrid, SPAIN, Spain
+34 91 556 35 03
+34 91 555 18 45
GMT + 1
Monday: 09:00 - 17:00
Tuesday: 09:00 - 17:00
Wednesday: 09:00 - 17:00
Thursday: 09:00 - 17:00
Friday: 09:00 - 17:00
06 January 2022, Epiphany
14 April 2022, Maundy Thursday
15 April 2022, Good Friday
02 May 2022, Eid Al-Fitr
11 July 2022, Eid Al-Adha (observed)
12 October 2022, National Day of Spain
01 November 2022, All Saints Day
06 December 2022, Constitution of Spain Day
08 December 2022, The Immaculate Conception
26 December 2022, Second Day of Christmas