Globally, Venezuelans are one of the single largest population groups displaced from their country. The number of Venezuelans leaving their country has reached four million, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and IOM, the International Organization for Migration, announced on 7 June.
From some 695,000 at the end of 2015, the number of refugees and migrants from Venezuela had skyrocketed to over four million by mid-2019, according to data from national immigration authorities and other sources. The pace of the outflow from Venezuela has been staggering.
Latin American countries are hosting the vast majority of Venezuelans. Mexico and countries in Central America and the Caribbean are also hosting significant numbers of refugees and migrants from Venezuela.
“These alarming figures highlight the urgent need to support host communities in the receiving countries,” said Eduardo Stein, joint UNHCR-IOM Special Representative for Venezuelan refugees and migrants. “Latin American and Caribbean countries are doing their part to respond to this unprecedented crisis but they cannot be expected to continue doing it without international help.”
Governments in the region have established mechanisms for coordinating their response and facilitating the legal, social and economic inclusion of Venezuelan citizens. Chief among them is the Quito Process, which has brought together Latin American countries affected by the outflow of Venezuelan refugees and migrants. To complement these efforts, a humanitarian Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) was launched in December 2018, targeting 2.2 million Venezuelans and 580,000 people in host communities in 16 countries. So far, the RMRP is only 21 percent funded. Please donate today, millions of people urgently need your help
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was established on 14 December 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee issues. It strives to ensure that everyone has the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another state, with the option to voluntarily return home when conditions are conducive for return, integrate locally or resettle to a third country. UNHCR has twice won the Nobel Peace Prize, in 1954 for its ground-breaking work in helping the refugees of Europe, and in 1981 for its worldwide assistance to refugees.