The database contains information about forcibly displaced populations spanning more than 70 years of statistical activities. It covers displaced populations such as refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced people, including their demographics. Stateless people are also included, most of who have never been displaced. The database also reflects the different types of solutions for displaced populations such as repatriation or resettlement.
This website is based on three data sources:
For methodological explanations, data limitations and coverage, visit the Methodology page.
Over half of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate and other people in need of international protection come from just three countries.
|Syrian Arab Republic||6.5 million|
The Islamic Republic of Iran and Türkiye each hosted 3.4 million refugees, the largest populations worldwide. Germany was third with 2.5 million, followed by Colombia with slightly less than 2.5 million, including other people in need of international protection. Pakistan hosted 2.1 million refugees.
|Islamic Republic of Iran||3.4 million|
At the end of 2022, of the 108.4 million forcibly displaced people, an estimated 43.3 million (40 per cent) are children below 18 years of age.
Between 2018 and 2022, an average of 385,000 children were born as refugees per year.
Some 404,000 refugees returned to their countries of origin during the first half of 2023 while 59,500 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance).
Low- and middle-income countries host 75 per cent of the world’s refugees and other people in need of international protection. The Least Developed Countries provide asylum to 20 per cent of the total.
Data on some 4.4 million stateless people residing in 97 countries was reported at mid-2023. The true global figure is estimated to be significantly higher.
69 per cent of refugees and other people in need of international protection lived in countries neighbouring their countries of origin.
An analysis tool that contains data on forcibly displaced and stateless populations, their demography and the solutions some of them found.
|1.||Refugees, asylum-seekers and other people in need of international protection by country of origin|
|2.||Refugees, asylum-seekers and other people in need of international protection by host country|
|3.||Demographics of refugees|
Solutions for the last 10 years
(2013 - 2023)
|5.||New asylum applications registered during 2023|