The Regional Housing Programme (RHP) is a multi-year joint initiative Partner Countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia) supported by the international community towards closing the chapter of the protracted displacement in the region. It was developed in partnership between the Partner Countries and the OSCE, the UNHCR and the European Commission. The aim of the RHP is to contribute to the resolution of the protracted displacement situation of the most vulnerable refugees and displaced persons following the 1991-1995 conflicts on the territory of former Yugoslavia, including internally displaced persons in Montenegro from 1999. It is an integral part of the “Sarajevo Process on Refugees and Displaced Persons” initiated in 2005 at the Regional Ministerial Conference on Refugee Returns. The process was re-launched in March 2010 at the Belgrade Conference, and the Partner Countries re-committed themselves under the November 2011 Belgrade Declaration (the so-called “Joint Declaration”) to contribute towards resolving the protracted displacement situation of the most vulnerable beneficiaries – refugees and displaced persons – following the 1991-1995 conflict on the territory of former Yugoslavia, including internally displaced persons in Montenegro from 1999.
The Programme is be implemented in parallel in the four Partner Countries. The housing solutions to be provided include:
• Provision of housing units and houses through building, reconstruction, renovation or purchase;
• Provision of construction materials;
• Accommodation in social welfare institutions.
As at November 2020, the RHP Fund Assembly of Donors approved 31 sub-projects, which should provide a durable housing solution to some 11,800 most vulnerable families in the Partner Countries – or to over 36,000 persons. Out of the total estimated cost of EUR 289 million, the donor contribution amounts to EUR 237 million (82%), complemented by the Partner Countries’ own contribution of EUR 52 million (18%).
The Regional Housing Programme in Serbia is expected to provide durable housing solutions to refugees through local integration.
In all, 7,629 vulnerable refugee households (or 22,443 individuals) will be targeted.
The total cost of Serbia’s country housing project within the Joint Programme is estimated at € 165 million, representing 56% of the total estimated RHP cost in all four Partner Countries. Serbia pledged € 33.5 million as the national contribution towards the project implementation. As at November 2020, more than 5,500 housing solutions have been provided. RHP in Serbia is to be finished in June 2022, by which time all the selected RHP beneficiaries will have received a housing solution.
The largest donor to the RHP is the EU, with notable contributions by the governments of the USA, Germany, Italy, Norway, Switzerland, Denmark, Turkey, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Romania, the Slovak Republic, the Czech Republic, and Hungary.
For more information about the Regional Housing Programme in the Republic of Serbia, see here.