Test your knowledge about people who have been forced to flee their homes around the world. The quiz is based on the statistics and data from UNHCR’s latest Global Trends Report.
Data from UNHCR’s annual Global Trends report, shows that almost 82.4 million people are now forcibly displaced due to persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations and events seriously disturbing public order. This means that forced displacement has doubled since 2010 where the number was 41 million. We are now witnessing the highest levels of displacement on record.
At the end of 2020: Syria: 6.7 million, Venezuela: 4.0 million, Afghanistan: 2.6 million, South Sudan: 2.2 million, Myanmar: 1.1 million
About 73% of refugees and Venezuelans displaced abroad lived in countries neighboring their countries of origin.
For the seventh year in a row, Turkey hosted the largest refugee population worldwide (3.7 million refugees), followed by Colombia (1.7 million, including Venezuelans displaced abroad), Pakistan (1.4 million), Uganda (1.4 million) and Germany (1.2 million).
One percent of the world's population - or 1 in every 95 people - is now forcibly displaced as a result of conflict or persecution. This compares with 1 in 159 in 2010.
Germany hosted 1.2 million refugees in 2020, with Syrian refugees and asylum-seekers constituting the largest groups (44%).
At the end of 2020, the global number of internally displaced people due to violence and conflict reached an estimated 48 million, the highest ever recorded and 5.1 million more than in 2019. Major drivers of forced displacement were escalating conflict and violence, climate change, massive human rights abuses, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic.
At the end of 2020, an estimated 35 million, or 42 % of the 82.4 million forcibly displaced persons were children below 18 years of age. Many are unaccompanied and separated from their families.
Data from UNHCR’s annual Global Trends report shows that developing countries hosted 86 percent of the world’s refugees and Venezuelans displaced abroad. The Least Developed Countries provided asylum to 27 percent of the total.
In 2020, pending asylum applications globally remained at 2019 levels, meaning 4.1 million. However, states and UNHCR collectively registered some 1.3 million individual asylum applications, one million fewer than in 2019.
The WFP estimates that as a result of the pandemic, some 270 million people may have been acutely food insecure by the end of 2020. That is around double the 135 million estimated to have been food insecure in 2019 – a record year for hunger. An estimated 80 percent of displaced people worldwide find themselves in areas affected by high levels of malnutrition and acute food insecurity, the pandemic has made an already desperate situation even worse.
According to government statistics, only 34,400 refugees were resettled in 2020 - the lowest level in 20 years – a consequence of reduced number of resettlement places and Covid-19. Syrians accounted for one-third of resettled refugees in 2020, followed by Congolese (12%). The other resettled refugees were from 82 countries of origin, including Iraq, Eritrea, Myanmar, Ukraine, Sudan and Afghanistan.
The COVID-19 pandemic tested the ability of UNHCR and partners to protect and assist people of concern in ways never before seen in its 70-year history. Approximately 58.3 million refugees, IDPs and migrants received COVID-19 assistance. UNHCR developed context-specific guidance to support national responses, particularly with setting up emergency hospitals, quarantine, isolation and testing areas, and expansion of medical facilities to create additional space for triage and testing. Read more: Global report 2020: https://reporting.unhcr.org/sites/default/files/gr2020/pdf/GR2020_English_Full_lowres.pdf
In 2020, based on information provided by governments and other sources in 94 countries, UNHCR estimated that there are around 4.2 million stateless people in the world. The true number of stateless people is believed to be significantly higher, as UNHCR does not have any information on stateless populations for most of the world’s countries, many of them likely to have stateless populations.
In 2020. 3.4 million displaced people returned to their areas or countries of origin, including 3.2 million internally displaced people and 251,000 refugees.
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